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How Have Borrowers Fared in Banking Megamergers?

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  • Carow, Kenneth A.
  • Kane, Edward J.
  • Narayanan, Rajesh P.

Abstract

Previous studies of event returns surrounding bank mergers show that banks gain value in megamergers and additional value when they absorb in-market competitors. A portion of these gains has been traced to the increased bargaining power of banks vis-a-vis regulators and other competitors. We demonstrate that increased bargaining power of megabanks adversely affects loan customers of the acquired institution. Wealth losses are greater when loan customers are credit-constrained, the loan customer is smaller, or the acquisition is an in-market deal. These findings reinforce complaints that the ongoing consolidation in banking has unfavorably affected the availability of credit for smaller firms and especially capital-constrained firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Carow, Kenneth A. & Kane, Edward J. & Narayanan, Rajesh P., 2006. "How Have Borrowers Fared in Banking Megamergers?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 38(3), pages 821-836, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:38:y:2006:i:3:p:821-836
    DOI: 10.1353/mcb.2006.0039
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    Cited by:

    1. James McNulty & Marina Murdock & Nivine Richie, 2013. "Are commercial bank lending propensities useful in understanding small firm finance?," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 37(4), pages 511-527, October.
    2. Elijah Brewer & Julapa Jagtiani, 2007. "How much would banks be willing to pay to become \"too-big-to-fail\" and to capture other benefits?," Research Working Paper RWP 07-05, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
    3. Fabián Duarte & Andrea Repetto & Rodrigo O. Valdés, 2005. "The Effects on Firm Borrowing Costs of Bank M&As," Documentos de Trabajo 206, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    4. Elijah Brewer & Julapa Jagtiani, 2013. "How Much Did Banks Pay to Become Too-Big-To-Fail and to Become Systemically Important?," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 43(1), pages 1-35, February.
    5. Christian Weller, 2009. "Credit Access, the Costs of Credit and Credit Market Discrimination," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer;National Economic Association, vol. 36(1), pages 7-28, March.
    6. Cowan, Arnold R. & Salotti, Valentina, 2015. "The resolution of failed banks during the crisis: Acquirer performance and FDIC guarantees, 2008–2013," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 222-238.
    7. Kenneth A. Carow & Edward J. Kane & Rajesh P. Narayanan, 2011. "Safety‐Net Losses from Abandoning Glass–Steagall Restrictions," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 43(7), pages 1371-1398, October.
    8. Hans Degryse & Nancy Masschelein & Janet Mitchell, 2011. "Staying, Dropping, or Switching: The Impacts of Bank Mergers on Small Firms," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 24(4), pages 1102-1140.
    9. Dimitris Chronopoulos & Claudia Girardone & John Nankervis, 2013. "How Do Stock Markets in the US and Europe Price Efficiency Gains from Bank M&As?," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 43(3), pages 243-263, June.
    10. Amelia Pais & Philip A. Stork, 2013. "Bank Size and Systemic Risk," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 19(3), pages 429-451, June.
    11. Lili Xie, 2007. "Bank Consolidation and Loan Pricing," Working Papers 200706, Ball State University, Department of Economics, revised Nov 2007.
    12. H. Fraisse & J. Hombert & M. Le, 2015. "The Competitive Effects of a Bank Megamerger on Access to Credit," Débats économiques et financiers 18, Banque de France.
    13. Francis, Bill & Hasan, Iftekhar & Wang, Haizhi, 2014. "Banking deregulation, consolidation, and corporate cash holdings: U.S. evidence," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 45-56.
    14. Pérez Montes, Carlos, 2014. "The effect on competition of banking sector consolidation following the financial crisis of 2008," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 124-136.
    15. John Ashton & Khac Pham, 2007. "Efficiency and Price Effects of Horizontal Bank Mergers," Working Paper series, University of East Anglia, Centre for Competition Policy (CCP) 2007-09, Centre for Competition Policy, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK..
    16. Fraisse, Henri & Hombert, Johan & Lé, Mathias, 2018. "The competitive effect of a bank megamerger on credit supply," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 151-161.
    17. Yildirim, Alev, 2020. "The effect of relationship banking on firm efficiency and default risk," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    18. Yoshiaki Ogura & Hirofumi Uchida, 2014. "Bank Consolidation and Soft Information Acquisition in Small Business Lending," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 45(2), pages 173-200, April.
    19. John K. Ashton, 2012. "Do Depositors Benefit from Bank Mergers? An Examination of the UK Deposit Market," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(1), pages 1-23, February.
    20. Massimo FLORIO & Matteo FERRARIS & Daniela VANDONE, 2018. "State-Owned Enterprises: Rationales for Mergers and Acquisitions," CIRIEC Working Papers 1801, CIRIEC - Université de Liège.
    21. Francis, Bill & Hasan, Iftekhar & Wang, Haizhi, 2008. "Bank consolidation and new business formation," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(8), pages 1598-1612, August.
    22. Miyajima, Hideaki & Yafeh, Yishay, 2007. "Japan's banking crisis: An event-study perspective," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(9), pages 2866-2885, September.
    23. Panagiotis Avramidis & Ioannis Asimakopoulos & Dimitris Malliaropulos, 2021. "Disrupted lending relationship and borrower's strategic default: evidence from the tourism industry during the Greek economic crisis," Working Papers 285, Bank of Greece.
    24. John S. Howe & Thibaut G. Morillon, 2017. "Do Mergers and Acquisitions Affect Information Asymmetry in the Banking Sector?," NFI Working Papers 2017-WP-01, Indiana State University, Scott College of Business, Networks Financial Institute.

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