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Causality between Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: The Case of Pakistan

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  • Qazi Muhammad Adnan Hye

    () (University of Karachi, Pakistan.)

  • Sana Riaz

    () (University of Karachi, Pakistan.)

Abstract

This study seeks to determine the direction of causality between energy consumption (EC) and economic growth (EG), using annual data from 1971 to 2007. In our empirical analysis, we implement a bounds-testing approach to co-integration and an augmented form of the Granger causality test to identify the direction of the relationship between these variables both in the short and long run. Our findings suggest bidirectional causality between EG and EC in the short run; in the long run we find unidirectional causality from EG to EC. EC does not lead to EG in the long run because higher energy prices (oil prices) increase the cost of business, leading to a negative effect on EG. Additionally, when energy prices fluctuate, they create uncertainty that also affects economic growth. The study recommends direct investment in local energy resources.

Suggested Citation

  • Qazi Muhammad Adnan Hye & Sana Riaz, 2008. "Causality between Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: The Case of Pakistan," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 13(2), pages 45-58, Jul-Dec.
  • Handle: RePEc:lje:journl:v:13:y:2008:i:2:p:45-58
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Lean, Hooi Hooi, 2012. "The dynamics of electricity consumption and economic growth: A revisit study of their causality in Pakistan," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 146-153.
    2. Aneel Salman & Nadia Asghar & Tahir-ul-Mulk Kahlon & Muhammad Waqas Chughtai, 2013. "Energy Consumption & Economic Growth Nexus: Evidence from Pakistan," Acta Universitatis Danubius. OEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, pages 132-139.
    3. Furrukh Bashir, Ismat Nasim, Ammar Ismail, 2016. "Electricity Generation and Its Impact on Real GDP and Real Exports of Pakistan: A Co-integration Analysis," Journal of Management Sciences, Geist Science, Iqra University, Faculty of Business Administration, pages 52-67.
    4. Satti, Saqlain Latif & Hassan, Muhammad Shahid & Mahmood, Haider & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2014. "Coal consumption: An alternate energy resource to fuel economic growth in Pakistan," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 282-287.
    5. Tang, Chor Foon & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2013. "Sectoral analysis of the causal relationship between electricity consumption and real output in Pakistan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 885-891.
    6. Nazir, Sidra & Qayyum, Abdul, 2014. "Impact of Oil Price and Shocks on Economic Growth of Pakistan: Multivariate Analysis," MPRA Paper 55929, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2014.
    7. Alper Aslan & Angeliki Menegaki & Can Tugcu, 2016. "Health and economic growth in high-income countries revisited: evidence from an augmented production function for the period 1980–2009," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, pages 937-953.
    8. Adnan Rashid, 2015. "Contribution of Financial Development in Electricity-Growth Nexus in Pakistan," Acta Universitatis Danubius. OEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, pages 224-241.
    9. repec:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:11:p:1868-:d:118909 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Islam, Faridul & Sabihuddin Butt, Muhammad, 2015. "Finance-Growth-Energy Nexus and the Role of Agriculture and Modern Sectors: Evidence from ARDL Bounds Test Approach to Cointegration in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 62848, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 14 Mar 2015.
    11. Hamisu Sadi Ali & Zulkornain Bin Yusop & Law Siong Hook, 2015. "Financial Development and Energy Consumption Nexus in Nigeria: An Application of Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bound Testing Approach," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(3), pages 816-821.
    12. repec:gei:jnlfer:v:2:y:2017:i:1:p:30-39 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Hasan, Syed Akif & Subhani, Muhammad Imtiaz & Osman, Ms. Amber, 2012. "KESC’s Performance, is it due to the Financial Crisis at KESC?," MPRA Paper 39095, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Mirza, Faisal Mehmood & Kanwal, Afra, 2017. "Energy consumption, carbon emissions and economic growth in Pakistan: Dynamic causality analysis," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 1233-1240.
    15. Mehmood Mirza, Faisal & Bergland, Olvar & Afzal, Naila, 2014. "Electricity conservation policies and sectorial output in Pakistan: An empirical analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 757-766.
    16. repec:ipg:wpaper:2014-289 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Rabab Mudakkar, Syeda & Zaman, Khalid & Shakir, Huma & Arif, Mariam & Naseem, Imran & Naz, Lubna, 2013. "Determinants of energy consumption function in SAARC countries: Balancing the odds," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 566-574.
    18. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Arouri, Mohamed & Teulon, Frédéric, 2014. "Short- and long-run relationships between natural gas consumption and economic growth: Evidence from Pakistan," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 219-226.
    19. Yılmaz Bayar & Hasan Alp Özel, 2014. "Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth in Emerging Economies," Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology, ScientificPapers.org, vol. 4(2), pages 1-15, April.
    20. Ahmed, Mumtaz & Riaz, Khalid & Maqbool Khan, Atif & Bibi, Salma, 2015. "Energy consumption–economic growth nexus for Pakistan: Taming the untamed," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 890-896.
    21. Kais Saidi & Sami Hammami, 2016. "Economic growth, energy consumption and carbone dioxide emissions: recent evidence from panel data analysis for 58 countries," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, pages 361-383.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic Growth; Energy Consumption; Pakistan.;

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General

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