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Milyen is hát a tőke a 21. században?. Megjegyzések Piketty könyvéhez
[So what is capital in the 21st century?. Notes on Piketty s book]

Author

Listed:
  • Kornai, János

Abstract

Ezt az írást Piketty kiváló és fontos könyve inspirálta. A könyvnek nemcsak a címe, hanem számos megfogalmazása is azt a várakozást keltheti, hogy a kapitalista rendszer átfogó elemzése kerül az olvasó kezébe. Ehhez képest a tanulmány szerzőjében hiányérzet támadt. A kapitalista rendszernek számos immanens tulajdonsága, veleszületett hajlama van. Közülük hárommal foglakozik a tanulmány. 1. A kapitalizmus egyik alapvonása a dinamizmus, az innováció, a teremtő rombolás. Nem adhat teljes képet a kapitalizmusról az, aki ezt az alapvetően fontos jelenséget ignorálja. 2. A kapitalizmus óhatatlanul nagyfokú egyenlőtlenséget hoz létre; ezt reformokkal kell enyhíteni, de teljesen nem küszöbölhető ki. 3. A kapitalizmus alapvető jellegzetességei, a magántulajdon és a piaci koordináció dominanciája nagy hatású ösztönzési mechanizmusokat hoznak létre, amelyek mind a tulajdonosokat, mind a vállalatok vezetőit innovációra és hatékony működésre serkentik. Az egyik legfontosabb ösztönző a verseny, különösen az oligopolisztikus verseny. A kapitalista rendszernek e három fontos tendenciája között szoros kölcsönhatás érvényesül. Piketty fő témáját, a jövedelem és a vagyon eloszlását nem lehet jól megérteni, ha a másik két tendenciától elszakítva vizsgáljuk. A tanulmány befejezésül ismerteti a szerző saját értékítéleteit a kapitalista rendszer kedvező és káros, igazságtalan vonásairól.* Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: D3, D6, D21, N10, O31, P1, P51.

Suggested Citation

  • Kornai, János, 2015. "Milyen is hát a tőke a 21. században?. Megjegyzések Piketty könyvéhez [So what is capital in the 21st century?. Notes on Piketty s book]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(9), pages 909-942.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1579
    DOI: 10.18414/KSZ.2015.9.909
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • D6 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics
    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • N10 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • P1 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems
    • P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems

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