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Gyermektámogatás, nyugdíj és endogén/heterogén termékenység - egy modell
[Child support, pensions and endogenous (and heterogeneous) fertility. A model]

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  • Simonovits, András

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Abstract

Groezen-Leers-Meijdam [2003] cikkéből kiindulva a lehető legegyszerűbben modellezzük a következő problémát: a kormányzat gyermektámogatási és nyugdíjrendszert működtetve serkenti a dolgozókat gyermekszülésre, és nyugdíjjal pótolja a "rövidlátó" dolgozók elégtelen megtakarítását. Bevezetjük a dolgozók hitelkorlátját, és kiterjesztjük a szerzőhármas elemzését heterogén nevelési költségekre és gyermektámogatásokra. Két fő eredményünk: 1. a transzferrendszer növelésekor át kell ugrani azt a szakadékot, amely a jólét kezdeti csökkenése miatt keletkezik; 2. bár a termékenységfüggő nyugdíjak bevezetése növeli az átlagos termékenységet, de csökkenti a társadalmi jólétet, és erősítheti a termékenység heterogenitását. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: D10, H55, J13, J14, J18, J26.

Suggested Citation

  • Simonovits, András, 2014. "Gyermektámogatás, nyugdíj és endogén/heterogén termékenység - egy modell
    [Child support, pensions and endogenous (and heterogeneous) fertility. A model]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(6), pages 672-692.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1486
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Assar Lindbeck & Sten Nyberg & Jörgen W. Weibull, 1999. "Social Norms and Economic Incentives in the Welfare State," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(1), pages 1-35.
    2. Cremer, Helmuth & Gahvari, Firouz & Pestieau, Pierre, 2006. "Pensions with endogenous and stochastic fertility," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(12), pages 2303-2321, December.
    3. Bas Groezen & Lex Meijdam, 2008. "Growing old and staying young: population policy in an ageing closed economy," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 21(3), pages 573-588, July.
    4. Robert Fenge & Volker Meier, 2005. "Pensions and fertility incentives," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 38(1), pages 28-48, February.
    5. Martin Feldstein, 1985. "The Optimal Level of Social Security Benefits," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(2), pages 303-320.
    6. Helmuth Cremer & Firouz Gahvari & Pierre Pestieau, 2008. "Pensions with heterogenous individuals and endogenous fertility," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 21(4), pages 961-981, October.
    7. Antonio Rangel, 2003. "Forward and Backward Intergenerational Goods: Why Is Social Security Good for the Environment?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(3), pages 813-834, June.
    8. Robert Fenge & Volker Meier, 2009. "Are family allowances and fertility-related pensions perfect substitutes?," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 16(2), pages 137-163, April.
    9. Eckstein, Zvi & Wolpin, Kenneth I., 1985. "Endogenous fertility and optimal population size," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 93-106, June.
    10. Cigno, Alessandro, 1992. "Children and Pensions," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 5(3), pages 175-183, August.
    11. Andras Simonovits, 2014. "Optimal Child Allowances with Heterogeneous Fertilities," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1401, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    12. van Groezen, Bas & Leers, Theo & Meijdam, Lex, 2003. "Social security and endogenous fertility: pensions and child allowances as siamese twins," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 233-251, February.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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