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Fertility, Intra-Generational Redistribution, and Social Security Sustainability

Author

Listed:
  • Makoto Hirazawa
  • Koji Kitaura
  • Akira Yakita

Abstract

Incorporating heterogeneity in preference to having children into an overlapping generations model of a small open economy, we examine the effects of changes in the size of payasyougo (PAYG) social security on fertility choices of individuals and population growth of the economy. It is shown that PAYG social security will raise population growth by increasing the number of individuals who have children and the number of children parents have if the system involves redistribution between retirees with different contributions, whereas, if it has no redistribution, PAYG social security does not affect the fertility decisions of individuals.

Suggested Citation

  • Makoto Hirazawa & Koji Kitaura & Akira Yakita, 2014. "Fertility, Intra-Generational Redistribution, and Social Security Sustainability," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 47(1), pages 98-114, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:47:y:2014:i:1:p:98-114
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Robert Fenge & Beatrice Scheubel, 2017. "Pensions and fertility: back to the roots," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 30(1), pages 93-139, January.
    2. Mizuno, Masakatsu & Yakita, Akira, 2013. "Elderly labor supply and fertility decisions in aging-population economies," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 121(3), pages 395-399.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy

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