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Az immateriális beruházások és a nem közvetlenül a termelésben foglalkoztatottak szerepe a gazdasági felzárkózásban
[The role intangible investments and non-production workers play in economic catching up - Results of a surveyY]

  • Szalavetz, Andrea

    ()

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    Tanulmányunkban először áttekintjük az immateriális tőke gazdasági és versenyképességi szerepével és ennek mérésével foglalkozó nemzetközi szakirodalmat, majd magyarországi autóipari és elektronikai leányvállalatok mintáján felmérjük, miként alakult az immateriális tőkeállományhoz kapcsolható foglalkoztatottak száma. E mutató alakulásából vonunk le következtetéseket az úgynevezett saját fejlesztésű - vagyis a vállalatok saját szellemi foglalkoztatottjai által végzett - immateriális beruházások növekvő szerepéről és a helyi leányvállalatok immateriális tőkeállományt növelő funkciójáról. A munkaügyi adatokból leszűrhető következtetéseket a cégek immateriális beruházásainak vizsgálatával egészítjük ki: a mérlegbeszámolóikat kísérő kiegészítő mellékletek alapján áttekintjük, hogy milyen mértékű és típusú immateriális beruházások jellemezték ezeket a cégeket 2008 és 2010 között. Az értéklánc-specifikus sajátosságok feltárása érdekében a vizsgált iparágak eredményeit összehasonlítjuk hazai tulajdonú, önálló termékkel versengő, illetve külföldi tulajdonú, helyi piacorientált cégek immateriálistőke-felhalmozására utaló információkkal. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: O12, O25, M10, M20.

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    Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

    Volume (Year): LIX (2012)
    Issue (Month): 11 ()
    Pages: 1187-1206

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    Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1344
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