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A structural equation model based analysis of non-workers’ activity-travel behaviour from a city of a developing country


  • M. Manoj

    () (Indian Institute of Science (IISc))

  • Ashish Verma

    () (Indian Institute of Science (IISc))


Abstract This paper presents an empirical analysis of non-workers’ activity-travel behaviour from Bangalore city, India. The paper builds a causal model—to describe the relationships among socio-demographics, activity-participation, and travel behaviour of non-workers—following structural equation modelling methodology. The results indicate that in-home maintenance activity-duration drives the time allocation decisions of non-workers. The model also shows the presence of ‘time-budget’ effects i.e., excess travel time cuts into in-hhome discretionary activity duration, implying the trade-off between daily travel time and in-home discretionary activity duration. The out-of-home activity durations of non-workers are found to be insensitive to travel time—an important finding of this research. The model also suggests that mixed residential development reduce travel distance and indirectly contribute to more trips. An indirect effect of mixed residential development on daily travel distance offsets the direct effect, which leads to a limited total effect of this variable on travel distance. The basic model was expanded further by separating the time spent on others’ activity (children and elders) from in-home maintenance activity duration. The stable model reveals that the time spent on others’ activity also influences in-home and out-of-home activities, and travel behaviour. This indicates that the time spent on others’ activity is an important time allocation of its own.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Manoj & Ashish Verma, 2017. "A structural equation model based analysis of non-workers’ activity-travel behaviour from a city of a developing country," Transportation, Springer, vol. 44(2), pages 241-269, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:transp:v:44:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11116-015-9636-8
    DOI: 10.1007/s11116-015-9636-8

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. G S Sastry, 2008. "Emerging Development Issues of Greater Bangalore," Working Papers 194, Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore.
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