The Dynamics of the S&P 500 Implied Volatility Surface
This empirical study is motivated by the literature on “smile-consistent” arbitrage pricing with stochastic volatility. We investigate the number and shape of shocks that move implied volatility smiles and surfaces by applying Principal Components Analysis. Two components are identified under a variety of criteria. Subsequently, we develop a “Procrustes” type rotation in order to interpret the retained components. The results have implications for both option pricing and hedging and for the economics of option pricing. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000
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