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The robustness of Kingma’s crowd-out estimate: Evidence from new data on contributions to public radio*

* This paper is a replication of an original study

Author

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  • Sonia Manzoor
  • John Straub

Abstract

We revisit Kingma’s (Kingma (1989). Journal of Political Economy, 97, 1197–1207) widely cited study of charitable contributions to public radio. Kingma’s estimate of partial, but statistically significant crowd-out remains a benchmark in the literature because he was able to match household-level contributions data with station-level data on revenue, including revenue from government grants. To the best of our knowledge, no comparable data have become available until now. We replicate Kingma’s estimates with the original data and then apply the same methodology to very similar data from 1996. Kingma’s estimates are not robust to the use of the newer data. Copyright Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Suggested Citation

  • Sonia Manzoor & John Straub, 2005. "The robustness of Kingma’s crowd-out estimate: Evidence from new data on contributions to public radio," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 123(3), pages 463-476, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:pubcho:v:123:y:2005:i:3:p:463-476
    DOI: 10.1007/s11127-005-7171-4
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kingma, Bruce Robert, 1989. "An Accurate Measurement of the Crowd-Out Effect, Income Effect, and Price Effect for Charitable Contributions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(5), pages 1197-1207, October.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dean Karlan & John A. List, 2007. "Does Price Matter in Charitable Giving? Evidence from a Large-Scale Natural Field Experiment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(5), pages 1774-1793, December.
    2. Lauren Schmitz, 2012. "Do Cultural Tax Districts Buttress Revenue Growth for Budding Arts Organizations?," SCEPA working paper series. 2012-1, Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis (SCEPA), The New School.
    3. Gronberg, Timothy J. & Luccasen, R. Andrew & Turocy, Theodore L. & Van Huyck, John B., 2012. "Are tax-financed contributions to a public good completely crowded-out? Experimental evidence," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(7-8), pages 596-603.
    4. Korenok, Oleg & Millner, Edward L. & Razzolini, Laura, 2013. "Impure altruism in dictators' giving," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 1-8.
    5. Lohse, Johannes, 2015. "Cooperation at a discount - Will I give away your money?," VfS Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 113151, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    6. G. Thomas Sav, 2012. "Government free riding in the public provision of higher education: panel data estimates of possible crowding out," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(9), pages 1133-1141, March.
    7. Ferguson, Eamonn & Flynn, Niall, 2016. "Moral relativism as a disconnect between behavioural and experienced warm glow," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 163-175.
    8. Gallier, Carlo & Reif, Christiane & Römer, Daniel, 2017. "Repeated pro-social behavior in the presence of economic interventions," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 18-28.
    9. Gallier, Carlo & Reif, Christiane & Römer, Daniel, 2014. "Consistent or balanced? On the dynamics of voluntary contributions," ZEW Discussion Papers 14-060, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    10. Hungerman, Daniel M., 2014. "Public goods, hidden income, and tax evasion: Some nonstandard results from the warm-glow model," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 188-202.
    11. Keum, Daniel & Meier, Stephan, 2020. "License to Fire? Unemployment Insurance and the Moral Cost of Layoffs," IZA Discussion Papers 13497, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    12. Yildirim, Huseyin, 2014. "Andreoni–McGuire algorithm and the limits of warm-glow giving," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 101-107.
    13. Achyut Kafle & Stephen K. Swallow & Elizabeth C. Smith, 2015. "Does Public Funding Affect Preferred Tradeoffs and Crowd-In or Crowd-Out Willingness to Pay? A Watershed Management Case," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 60(3), pages 471-495, March.
    14. G. Thomas Sav, 2010. "Private Giving Crowding Government Funding in Public Higher Education," American Journal of Economics and Business Administration, Science Publications, vol. 2(3), pages 293-299, September.
    15. Stefano Barbieri & David A. Malueg, 2014. "Increasing Fundraising Success by Decreasing Donor Choice," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 16(3), pages 372-400, June.

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    Replication

    This item is a replication of:
  • Kingma, Bruce Robert, 1989. "An Accurate Measurement of the Crowd-Out Effect, Income Effect, and Price Effect for Charitable Contributions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(5), pages 1197-1207, October.
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