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Serving the creditors after insolvency filings: from value creation to value distribution

Author

Listed:
  • Régis Blazy

    (IEP Strasbourg)

  • Joël Petey

    (University of Strasbourg)

  • Laurent Weill

    (University of Strasbourg)

Abstract

This paper provides original empirical evidence on the financial outcome of insolvency filings in Europe. We adopt a cross-country analysis of the determinants of recovery rates isolating three types of creditors (junior, senior, and new money claims). We investigate the structure of recoveries on a unique hand-collected sample of bankrupt firms in France, Germany, and the UK. We initially question value maximization, and study to which extent the legal provisions prevailing after insolvency filing can influence creditors’ overall recoveries. Three procedures differ significantly from our benchmark (UK liquidations). French continuation and UK receivership exert a positive influence onto total repayments, while such influence becomes negative under French liquidation. We relate this finding to the ability of the two former procedures to improve coordination among the creditors, monitoring of the debtor, and/or incentives to file early. We then analyze value distribution by examining competition between the categories of creditors. We show that the insolvency systems do not converge. Junior and senior creditors are better served under the German and the French continuation procedures than in any other bankruptcy path. At the opposite, the UK liquidation procedures fail to satisfactorily serve the junior/senior creditors. Still, nearly all the insolvency procedures support fresh financing by protecting quite well new money claims. Overall, we do not confirm any superiority of one family of insolvency system over another, but rather stress the importance of an appropriate design of the procedures, especially regarding the incentives they create before and after insolvency filing.

Suggested Citation

  • Régis Blazy & Joël Petey & Laurent Weill, 2018. "Serving the creditors after insolvency filings: from value creation to value distribution," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 45(2), pages 331-375, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:ejlwec:v:45:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s10657-017-9560-9
    DOI: 10.1007/s10657-017-9560-9
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Anne Épaulard & Chloé Zapha, 2020. "Bankruptcy Costs and the Design of Preventive Restructuring Procedures," Working Papers hal-02383494, HAL.
    3. Régis Blazy & Nicolae Stef, 2020. "Bankruptcy procedures in the post-transition economies," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 7-64, August.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Law and finance; Bankruptcy law; Recovery rates; Creditors;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation
    • K22 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Business and Securities Law

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