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Distinguishing Between Non-Smokers, Casual Smokers, and Compulsive Smokers: Evidence from Malaysia


  • Andrew Tan



This study investigates the correlation between socio-demographic factors and smoking status of non-smokers, casual smokers, and compulsive smokers. Data were obtained from 2,061 respondents from the Malaysia Non-Communicable Disease Surveillance-1. Ordered probit analysis was conducted and marginal effects of smoking status calculated. Results from ethnic segmentation show that retired Malays and Chinese above 46 years have lower propensities to be casual or compulsive smokers than those below 30 years. Education is a deterring factor as primary/grade and high school educated Malays are less likely to be non-smokers than tertiary educated individuals. Low income Indians/others have higher probabilities of being casual or compulsive smokers than lower-middle income earners. Males of all ethnic backgrounds have higher propensities to smoke than females. Based on these results, several policy implications are suggested. Copyright International Atlantic Economic Society 2012

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew Tan, 2012. "Distinguishing Between Non-Smokers, Casual Smokers, and Compulsive Smokers: Evidence from Malaysia," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 40(2), pages 173-184, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:atlecj:v:40:y:2012:i:2:p:173-184
    DOI: 10.1007/s11293-012-9309-3

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Andrew K.G. Tan & Steven T. Yen & Rodolfo M. Nayga, Jr., 2009. "Role of Education in Cigarette Smoking: An Analysis of Malaysian Household Survey Data," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 23(1), pages 1-17, March.
    2. Steven T. Yen, 2005. "A Multivariate Sample-Selection Model: Estimating Cigarette and Alcohol Demands with Zero Observations," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 87(2), pages 453-466.
    3. Hana Ross & Frank J. Chaloupka, 2004. "The Effect of Public Policies and Prices on Youth Smoking," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 70(4), pages 796-815, April.
    4. Andrew M. Jones & José M. Labeaga, 2003. "Individual heterogeneity and censoring in panel data estimates of tobacco expenditure," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(2), pages 157-177.
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    More about this item


    Casual smoker; Compulsive smoker; Malaysia; Socio-demographics; Smoking status; D10;

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General


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