What Determined Success During the Asian Economic Crisis?—The Importance of Experiential Knowledge and Group Affiliation
This study investigated the factors that determined the change in firm performance during the Asian economic crisis. Applying a process-oriented resource-based view and MNC network theory, we argued that host country experience, industry experience, subsidiary experience, and group affiliation would influence subsidiary performance during an economic crisis. By testing the hypotheses on a sample of 1128 Japanese subsidiaries in Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Korea, we found that, among different knowledge resources that the MNC accumulated in its internationalization process, subsidiary experiential knowledge was most significant in picking the winners from the losers during the crisis. Keiretsu affiliation and the parent firm’s industry experience were also significant, positive factors for firms remaining profitable or even better after the crisis. However, firm size and industry effects were not related to performance. Copyright Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005
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Volume (Year): 22 (2005)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Jean-François Hennart, 1991. "The Transaction Costs Theory of Joint Ventures: An Empirical Study of Japanese Subsidiaries in the United States," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 37(4), pages 483-497, April.
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- John H Dunning, 1988. "The Eclectic Paradigm of International Production: A Restatement and Some Possible Extensions," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 19(1), pages 1-31, March.
- Bruce Kogut & Udo Zander, 1993. "Knowledge of the Firm and the Evolutionary Theory of the Multinational Corporation," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 24(4), pages 625-645, December.
- Shige Makino & Andrew Delios, 1996. "Local Knowledge Transfer and Performance: Implications for Alliance Formation in Asia," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 27(5), pages 905-927, December.
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