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Impact of Restrictive Trade Policy on Adult Unemployment, Welfare and the Incidence of Child Labour -A Three Sector General Equilibrium Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Runa Ray

    () (Department of Economics, Jadavpur University, Calcutta –700032)

  • Biswajit Chatterjee

    () (Planning and Development Unit, Jadavpur University, Calcutta –700032)

Abstract

This paper considers a three sector competitive general equilibrium model of a small open, less developed economy suffering from unemployment problem in the adult labour market on the one hand, and from the existence of employment of child labour on the other . The economy is divided into one rural, and two urban sub-sectors. Four inputs are used in the model among which three are – sector specific in nature. The representative adult worker in this model not only supplies his own labour ,but also sends his children out to work. Factor market distortion in this model is captured by the existence of a factor price differential between urban and rural sectors. The model is used to analyze the effect of imposition of tariff protection in import competing sector on the unemployment of adult workers on the one hand , and on the incidence of child labour supply on the other. An interesting result of the present exercise is that the supply of child labour moves in the opposite direction to the level of unemployment in the adult labour market as the tariff rate protection in import competing sector changes. This result runs counter to the existing view that unemployment in the adult labour market is one of the important causes for the existence of child labour market.

Suggested Citation

  • Runa Ray & Biswajit Chatterjee, 2010. "Impact of Restrictive Trade Policy on Adult Unemployment, Welfare and the Incidence of Child Labour -A Three Sector General Equilibrium Analysis," Journal of Quantitative Economics, The Indian Econometric Society, vol. 8(1), pages 148-161, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:jqe:jqenew:v:8:y:2010:i:1:p:148-161
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ranjan Ray, 2002. "The Determinants of Child Labour and Child Schooling in Ghana," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 11(4), pages 561-590, December.
    2. Edmonds, Eric V., 2008. "Child Labor," Handbook of Development Economics, Elsevier.
    3. Ranjan, Priya, 2001. "Credit constraints and the phenomenon of child labor," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 81-102, February.
    4. Saqib Jafarey & Sajal Lahiri, 2001. "Child Labour," World Economics, World Economics, 1 Ivory Square, Plantation Wharf, London, United Kingdom, SW11 3UE, vol. 2(1), pages 69-93, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Child labour; General equilibrium; Urban adult unemployment; Trade policy;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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