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Der Einfluß von Imputed Rent auf die personelle Einkommensverteilung

  • Joachim R. Frick


    (DIW Berlin)

  • Markus M. Grabka


    (DIW Berlin)

This article deals with various methods concerning income advantages of owner occupied housing (imputed rental value or imputed rents), which shows to be one of the most important non-monetary income components. We also explore the effects of such advantages on the personal distribution of income. Following a description of the theoretical aspects of the various methods as well as their advantages and disadvantages, an empirical study based on the micro-data of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) is then presented. In conclusion, recommendations for taking imputed rent into account in analysis of the distribution of individual income and income mobility are given, based on the theoretical framework and the empirical results of this study. Most important results of our analysis include (a) a slight decrease in overall income inequality due to the inclusion of imputed rent, and (b) a positive income advantage for the elderly, thus confirming the specific role of owner occupied housing as a means of old age provision.

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Article provided by Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics in its journal Journal of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 221 (2001)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 285-308

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Handle: RePEc:jns:jbstat:v:221:y:2001:i:3:p:285-308
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  1. Aaberge, Rolf & Melby, Ingrid, 1998. "The Sensitivity of Income Inequality to Choice of Equivalence Scales," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 44(4), pages 565-69, December.
  2. repec:ese:iserwp:2000-16 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Richard V. Burkhauser & John G. Poupore, 1997. "A Cross-National Comparison Of Permanent Inequality In The United States And Germany," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 79(1), pages 10-17, February.
  4. Wolfe, Barbara L & Moffitt, Robert, 1991. "A New Index to Value In-Kind Benefits," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 37(4), pages 387-408, December.
  5. René Böheim & Stephen P. Jenkins, 2000. "Do Current Income and Annual Income Measures Provide Different Pictures of Britain's Income Distribution?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 214, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  6. Joachim R. Frick & Markus M. Grabka, 2000. "Personelle Einkommensverteilung und der Einfluß von Imputed Rent," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 225, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  7. Egon Bellgardt, 2000. "Wohnkosten und Besitzformwahl - Empirische Ergebnisse der Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichprobe," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 220(6), pages 653-668.
  8. Peter Gottschalk & Timothy M. Smeeding, 1997. "Cross-National Comparisons of Earnings and Income Inequality," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(2), pages 633-687, June.
  9. Yates, Judith, 1994. "Imputed Rent and Income Distribution," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 40(1), pages 43-66, March.
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