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Migration and female genital mutilation

Author

Listed:
  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps

    (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Université Paris-Dauphine, PSL Research University, LEDa, UMR DIAL, France)

Abstract

More than 100 million women and girls in the world have had their genitals cut for cultural, religious, or other non-medical reasons. Even though international organizations condemn female genital mutilation (FGM), or cutting, as a violation of human rights, and most nations have banned it, it remains prevalent in many African countries, and is slow to decline. This persistence raises questions about the effectiveness of international and national laws prohibiting the practice as well as the potential role of returning migrants in changing embedded cultural norms. Does migration change migrants’ opinions and attitudes to this custom? If so, do they transfer the new norms to their origin countries?

Suggested Citation

  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2016. "Migration and female genital mutilation," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 282-282, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izawol:journl:y:2016:n:282
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bertoli, Simone & Marchetta, Francesca, 2015. "Bringing It All Back Home – Return Migration and Fertility Choices," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 27-40.
    2. Antonio Spilimbergo, 2009. "Democracy and Foreign Education," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 528-543.
    3. repec:dau:papers:123456789/12585 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Pfutze, Tobias, 2012. "Does migration promote democratization? Evidence from the Mexican transition," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 159-175.
    5. Christopher J. Coyne* & Rachel L. Coyne, 2014. "The identity economics of female genital mutilation," Journal of Developing Areas, Tennessee State University, College of Business, vol. 48(2), pages 137-152, April-Jun.
    6. Chauvet, Lisa & Mercier, Marion, 2014. "Do return migrants transfer political norms to their origin country? Evidence from Mali," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, pages 630-651.
    7. Toman Barsbai & Hillel Rapoport & Andreas Steinmayr & Christoph Trebesch, 2017. "The Effect of Labor Migration on the Diffusion of Democracy: Evidence from a Former Soviet Republic," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, pages 36-69.
    8. Idrissa Diabate & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2014. "Female genital mutilation and migration in Mali. Do migrants transfer social norms?," Working Papers DT/2014/16, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    migration; social norms; female genital mutilation (FGM); Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration

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