Case Study: Tax reform, income distribution and poverty in Brazil: an applied general equilibrium analysis
This case study considers two frequently advocated approaches to reducing indirect taxation in Brazil: reduction in taxes on food; reduction in taxes on intermediate inputs to agriculture. To asses the effects of both on income distribution poverty levels, a bottom-up general equilibrium model of Brazil (TERM-BR) is linked to a microsimulation model. It is shown that one of the favoured policies is more poverty reducing, the other more income inequality reducing. Perhaps even more importantly, the analysis demonstrates that the two policies lead to very different outcomes in terms of inter-state transfers; a major political barrier to reform in a federal state.
Volume (Year): 3 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Sergei Soares & Fernando Gaiger Silveira & Claudio Hamilton dos Santos & Fábio Monteiro Vaz & André Luis Souza, 2009. "O Potencial Distributivo do Imposto de Rendapessoa Física (IRPF)," Discussion Papers 1433, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
- Joaquim Bento Ferreira-Filho & Mark Horridge, 2004. "Economic Integration, Poverty and Regional Inequality in Brazil," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-149, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
- Joaquim Bento de Souza Ferreira Filho & Carliton Vieira dos Santos & Sandra Maria do Prado Lima, 2007. "Tax Reform, Income Distribution and Poverty in Brazil: an Applied General Equilibrium Analysis," Working Papers MPIA 2007-26, PEP-MPIA.
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