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Land Related Disputes and Conflicts in Romania


  • Rusu, Marioara

    (Institute of Agricultural Economics, Romanian Academy, Bucharest)

  • Florian, Violeta

    (Institute of Agricultural Economics, Romanian Academy, Bucharest)

  • Tudor, Monica

    (Institute of Agricultural Economics, Romanian Academy, Bucharest)

  • Chitea, Mihai

    (Institute of Agricultural Economics, Romanian Academy, Bucharest)

  • Chitea, Lorena

    (Institute of Agricultural Economics, Romanian Academy, Bucharest)

  • Rosu, Elisabeta

    (Institute of Agricultural Economics, Romanian Academy, Bucharest)


After December 1989, the Romanian government made efforts to re-establish a coherent legal and institutional framework for private rights in land but the whole process has been characterized by instability, incoherence and unjustified delays. The restitution of land properties in private ownership was a conflicting process due to divergent economic and social interests within the social base. At the beginning the restitution and privatization process was conflicted for ideological purposes mainly since decades of communist ideology advocated the equalitarian dogma, which was deeply rooted within the mentality of many people. Later on the conflicts were mainly driven by different economic interests. The actual number of land related disputes and conflicts are barely known, but estimates of these are high.

Suggested Citation

  • Rusu, Marioara & Florian, Violeta & Tudor, Monica & Chitea, Mihai & Chitea, Lorena & Rosu, Elisabeta, 2011. "Land Related Disputes and Conflicts in Romania," Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 8(1), pages 127-145.
  • Handle: RePEc:iag:reviea:v:8:y:2011:i:1:p:127-145

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Klaus Deininger, 2003. "Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 15125, December.
    2. Joachim Thomas, 2006. "Property rights, land fragmentation and the emerging structure of agriculture in Central and Eastern European countries," The Electronic Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, vol. 3(2), pages 225-275.
    3. Nicolas Pons-Vignon & Henri-Bernard Solignac Lecomte, 2004. "Land, Violent Conflict and Development," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 233, OECD Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rusu, Marioara, 2012. "Territorial Distribution Of Land Conflict Types In The Rural Area From Argeş County," Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 9(1), pages 61-70.
    2. Mariana Nae & Liliana Dumitrache & Bogdan Suditu & Elena Matei, 2019. "Housing Activism Initiatives and Land-Use Conflicts: Pathways for Participatory Planning and Urban Sustainable Development in Bucharest City, Romania," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(22), pages 1-26, November.

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    More about this item


    land conflict; land reform; rural space; ownership relations.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • P29 - Political Economy and Comparative Economic Systems - - Socialist and Transition Economies - - - Other
    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General


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