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Determining the Sustainability Factors and Performance of a Tourism Destination from the Stakeholders’ Perspective

Author

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  • Manuel Rodríguez Díaz

    () (Department of Business and Management, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 35017, Spain)

  • Tomás F. Espino Rodríguez

    () (Department of Business and Management, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 35017, Spain)

Abstract

The competitiveness of a tourism destination depends on the sustainability of its economic and environmental resources. The aim of this paper is to determine the key factors in achieving the sustainability of a tourism destination in relation to the performance obtained. A methodology based on the opinions of stakeholders is developed to determine the sustainability factors and performance in the tourism destination of Gran Canaria. The variables used in the study are related to the environmental resources, the principal agents in the tourism supply chain, the governance of the destination, and the complementary characteristics that improve the competitiveness of the tourism destination, as well as the dimensions that determine security. Performance is measured by stakeholders from two perspectives, the destination and the customers, in order to establish the main variables that will influence the destination’s sustainability. The key sustainability factors were identified, and a regression analysis determined that there was a positive influence on long-term performance. The results showed that the key factors that have a direct and significant relationship with performance are the key resources and supply chain, security, alternative leisure, and governance.

Suggested Citation

  • Manuel Rodríguez Díaz & Tomás F. Espino Rodríguez, 2016. "Determining the Sustainability Factors and Performance of a Tourism Destination from the Stakeholders’ Perspective," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(9), pages 1-17, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:9:p:951-:d:78388
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Francesca Cracolici & Piet Rietveld & Peter Nijkamp, 2006. "Assessment of Tourist Competitiveness by analysing Destination Efficiency," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 06-097/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    2. Valentina Bosetti & Mariaester Cassinelli & Alessandro Lanza, 2006. "Benchmarking in Tourism Destination, Keeping in Mind the Sustainable Paradigm," Working Papers 2006.12, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ivan Paunović & Verka Jovanović, 2017. "Implementation of Sustainable Tourism in the German Alps: A Case Study," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(2), pages 1-15, February.
    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:5:p:1525-:d:145725 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:5:p:1603-:d:146790 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    tourism destination; sustainability; stakeholders; performance; tourism resources; destination management;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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