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Sustainable Development and Technological Impact on CO 2 Reducing Conditions in Romania

Author

Listed:
  • Lucian-Ionel Cioca

    () (Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Engineering, “Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, Bd. Victoriei No.10, 550024 Sibiu, Romania)

  • Larisa Ivascu

    () (Department of Management, Faculty of Management in Production and Transportation, Politehnica University of Timisoara, Piata Victoria No.2, 300006 Timisoara, Romania)

  • Elena Cristina Rada

    () (Department of Biotechnologies and Life Sciences, Insubria University of Varese, via G.B. Vico 46, I-21100 Varese, Italy
    Department of Civil Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, Italy & University of Trento, via Mesiano 77, 38123 Trento, Italy)

  • Vincenzo Torretta

    () (Department of Biotechnologies and Life Sciences, Insubria University of Varese, via G.B. Vico 46, I-21100 Varese, Italy)

  • Gabriela Ionescu

    () (Department of Energy Production and Use, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei 313, Sector 6, 060042 Bucharest, Romania)

Abstract

Climate change is a reality all over the world, and its complexity is increasing. Therefore, sustainability has become a national and international concern, ingrained in many organizational processes. The ability of organizations to respond to sustainability concerns is sometimes hindered by the complexity of integrating sustainability into business models and by the need to rethink their strategic directions. In Romania, sustainable development has become a priority for businesses, but even though companies are showing some concern, there are yet to demonstrate any full commitment (they are mainly concerned with areas such as society and the environment). This paper assesses Romania’s involvement in the adoption of actions directed toward the reduction of pollutants and greenhouse gases, namely actions focused on reducing the main causes of pollution. This analysis compares the situation in Romania with that of the European Union. The main concerns can be categorized according to four sectors, which produce the highest quantity of carbon dioxide emissions in the world: the energy sector, the transport sector, the waste sector and the industry sector. The last section of this paper deals with the carbon footprint of Romania and its implications.

Suggested Citation

  • Lucian-Ionel Cioca & Larisa Ivascu & Elena Cristina Rada & Vincenzo Torretta & Gabriela Ionescu, 2015. "Sustainable Development and Technological Impact on CO 2 Reducing Conditions in Romania," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(2), pages 1-14, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:7:y:2015:i:2:p:1637-1650:d:45448
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Varga, Bogdan Ovidiu, 2013. "Electric vehicles, primary energy sources and CO2 emissions: Romanian case study," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 61-70.
    2. Lund, H. & Mathiesen, B.V., 2009. "Energy system analysis of 100% renewable energy systems—The case of Denmark in years 2030 and 2050," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 524-531.
    3. Ban, Marko & Perković, Luka & Duić, Neven & Penedo, Ricardo, 2013. "Estimating the spatial distribution of high altitude wind energy potential in Southeast Europe," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 24-29.
    4. Paska, Józef & Surma, Tomasz, 2014. "Electricity generation from renewable energy sources in Poland," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 286-294.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    CO 2 ; energy; GHG; sustainable development; transport;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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