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Commitment to Emissions Restrictions of Major Consumers of Electricity in Brazil

Author

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  • Fabricio Casarejos

    () (Postgraduate Program in Metrology for Quality and Innovation, Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua Marquês de São Vicente, 225-Gávea, Rio de Janeiro-RJ 22453-900, Brazil
    Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation & Modeling Research Group (CCIAM), Center for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (CE3C), Faculty of Sciences, Lisbon University, Lisboa 1749-016, Portugal)

  • Mauricio Nogueira Frota

    () (Postgraduate Program in Metrology for Quality and Innovation, Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua Marquês de São Vicente, 225-Gávea, Rio de Janeiro-RJ 22453-900, Brazil
    These authors contributed equally to this work.)

  • Gil Penha-Lopes

    () (Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation & Modeling Research Group (CCIAM), Center for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (CE3C), Faculty of Sciences, Lisbon University, Lisboa 1749-016, Portugal
    These authors contributed equally to this work.)

  • Vagner Viana Silva

    () (Postgraduate Program in Metrology for Quality and Innovation, Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua Marquês de São Vicente, 225-Gávea, Rio de Janeiro-RJ 22453-900, Brazil
    These authors contributed equally to this work.)

  • Fernanda Particelli

    () (Light Serviços de Eletricidade S/A, Marechal Floriano, Rio de Janeiro-RJ 20080-002, Brazil
    These authors contributed equally to this work.)

Abstract

In the context of global concerns about climate change that stem from the alarming and unprecedented growth of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, this study discusses the use of energy by large consumers of electricity in Brazil in the perspective of sustainable development, energy resources, and regulatory policies. It evaluates the commitment to emissions restrictions among the major customers of an electricity utility company that serves 4.1 million consumers (68% of the population and 66% of the gross internal product for the second-highest economically developed Brazilian state). The evaluation is based on proposed metrics and indicators. By considering the Brazilian commitment to a policy of sustainable development, this study reviews the primary international agreements and recommendations that have been developed to mitigate and adapt to climate change and sustainability. A survey was developed for participating organizations classified by economic sector to assess their awareness to 18 issues that reflect international guidelines on emission constraints. Based on total energy consumption, the survey discusses the worrying level of GHG emissions (tCO 2 eq) that is associated with the generation of electricity by customers of the largest utility company. In spite of 90% of the organizations having considered sustainability as a business opportunity and a competitive differential that enables niche markets, the results of this study demonstrated low commitment to the desired emissions restrictions.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabricio Casarejos & Mauricio Nogueira Frota & Gil Penha-Lopes & Vagner Viana Silva & Fernanda Particelli, 2014. "Commitment to Emissions Restrictions of Major Consumers of Electricity in Brazil," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(9), pages 1-23, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:6:y:2014:i:9:p:6377-6399:d:40230
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jonatan Pinkse & Ans Kolk, 2012. "Multinational enterprises and climate change: Exploring institutional failures and embeddedness," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 43(3), pages 332-341, April.
    2. Anna R. Davies & Sue J. Mullin, 2011. "Greening the economy: interrogating sustainability innovations beyond the mainstream," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(5), pages 793-816, September.
    3. Evan Mills, 2009. "A Global Review of Insurance Industry Responses to Climate Change," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 34(3), pages 323-359, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Fabricio Casarejos & Mauricio Nogueira Frota & José Eduardo Rocha & Walquíria Rosa da Silva & José Tenório Barreto, 2016. "Corporate Sustainability Strategies: A Case Study in Brazil Focused on High Consumers of Electricity," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(8), pages 1-20, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    climate change; sustainable development; public policy; global warming; greenhouse gas emissions;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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