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Achieving the Food Security Strategy by Quantifying Food Loss and Waste. A Case Study of the Chinese Economy

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  • Daniel Durán-Sandoval

    (Instituto L.R. Klein, UUniversidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain)

  • Gemma Durán-Romero

    (Departamento de Estructura Económica y Economía del Desarrollo, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain)

  • Ana M. López

    (Instituto L.R. Klein, UUniversidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain)

Abstract

Undernourished and food insecurity are recognized as two highly relevant topics. Approximately 820 million people in the world are undernourished and 2 billion people have moderate or severe food insecurity (FAO). In addition, globally roughly one-third of food is not consumed and is wasted. This article aims to provide an updated estimate of food loss and waste (FLW) in China as, in the period 2016–2018, there were still 122 million people in this country experiencing undernourishment. In this research, we use a top-down mass balance approach, discuss how it affects the achievement of SDG 2, Zero Hunger, that it is linked also to target 12.3 that “seeks to halve global food waste at retail and consumer levels, as well as to reduce food loss during production and supply” (United Nations). We point out some challenges that private and public policies still need to overcome to reduce FLW. The results of this research may contribute a more accurate baseline for the design of public policies and strategies related to FLW and the corresponding SDGs.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Durán-Sandoval & Gemma Durán-Romero & Ana M. López, 2021. "Achieving the Food Security Strategy by Quantifying Food Loss and Waste. A Case Study of the Chinese Economy," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(21), pages 1-15, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:21:p:12259-:d:673623
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Alexander, Peter & Brown, Calum & Arneth, Almut & Finnigan, John & Moran, Dominic & Rounsevell, Mark D.A., 2017. "Losses, inefficiencies and waste in the global food system," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 153(C), pages 190-200.
    2. Ching-Hsu Huang & Shih-Min Liu & Nai-Yun Hsu, 2020. "Understanding Global Food Surplus and Food Waste to Tackle Economic and Environmental Sustainability," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(7), pages 1-18, April.
    3. Cicatiello, Clara & Franco, Silvio & Pancino, Barbara & Blasi, Emanuele, 2016. "The value of food waste: An exploratory study on retailing," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 96-104.
    4. Seona Candy & Graham Turner & Kirsten Larsen & Kate Wingrove & Julia Steenkamp & Sharon Friel & Mark Lawrence, 2019. "Modelling the Food Availability and Environmental Impacts of a Shift Towards Consumption of Healthy Dietary Patterns in Australia," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(24), pages 1-27, December.
    5. Gang Liu, 2014. "Food Losses and Food Waste in China: A First Estimate," OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers 66, OECD Publishing.
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