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From Form-Based to Performance-Based Codes

Author

Listed:
  • Dalit Shach-Pinsly

    () (Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200003, Israel)

  • Isaac Guedi Capeluto

    () (Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200003, Israel)

Abstract

The performance of the built environment is an important concern affecting the quality of life and plays a critical role in every urban milieu. However, it generally disappears in the drawing plans. Current planning regulations do not always include performance requirements as part of the planning demands. Additionally, decision-makers lack the methodology and tools to demonstrate the expected performance of the built environment. Therefore, an examination of the performance of the designed area is sometimes neglected in the planning process. Current urban plans focus mainly on technical issues, counting the number of residential units, density measures, etc. The trend of progressive planning regulations, such as Form-Based Code (FBC), aims to coordinate these separated quantitative parameters into one comprehensive 3D plan where the urban form plays as a main integrator. However, these plans still lack the demand for understanding the quality and performance of the built environment through the visualization. This article addresses this gap, the lack of understanding of the performance of the built environment in urban plans and proposes the concept of Performance-Based Codes (PBC). The transition from form-based code to performance-based-design will be demonstrated through the presentation of two performance-based models, the Solar Envelope and Security Rating Index, and the possibility of integrating them into the planning process.

Suggested Citation

  • Dalit Shach-Pinsly & Isaac Guedi Capeluto, 2020. "From Form-Based to Performance-Based Codes," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(14), pages 1-20, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:12:y:2020:i:14:p:5657-:d:384315
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Matthew Carmona, 2019. "Place value: place quality and its impact on health, social, economic and environmental outcomes," Journal of Urban Design, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(1), pages 1-48, January.
    2. Ozgur Demirta, 2013. "Evaluating the Best Renewable Energy Technology for Sustainable Energy Plannin," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 3(Special), pages 23-33.
    3. Fitzgibbons, Joanne & Mitchell, Carrie L., 2019. "Just urban futures? Exploring equity in “100 Resilient Cities”," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 122(C), pages 648-659.
    4. Susie Ruqun Wu & Peilei Fan & Jiquan Chen, 2016. "Incorporating Culture Into Sustainable Development: A Cultural Sustainability Index Framework for Green Buildings," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(1), pages 64-76, January.
    5. Uroš Kramar & Dejan Dragan & Darja Topolšek, 2019. "The Holistic Approach to Urban Mobility Planning with a Modified Focus Group, SWOT, and Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchical Process," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(23), pages 1-29, November.
    6. Orenstein, Daniel E. & Shach-Pinsley, Dalit, 2017. "A Comparative Framework for Assessing Sustainability Initiatives at the Regional Scale," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 245-256.
    7. Matthew Carmona, 2014. "The Place-shaping Continuum: A Theory of Urban Design Process," Journal of Urban Design, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(1), pages 2-36, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    performance; planning process; architectural design; built environment; urban evaluation; building assessment;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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