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The Green Bonds Premium Puzzle: The Role of Issuer Characteristics and Third-Party Verification

Author

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  • Maria Jua Bachelet

    () (Department of Economics and Finance, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00135 Rome, Italy)

  • Leonardo Becchetti

    () (Department of Economics and Finance, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00135 Rome, Italy)

  • Stefano Manfredonia

    () (Department of Economics and Finance, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00135 Rome, Italy)

Abstract

If we examine the characteristics of a sample of green bonds matched with their closest brown bond neighbors, we encounter a challenge. Green bonds have higher yields, lower variance, and are more liquid. The institutional/private issuer and the green third-party verification/non-verification breakdowns help explain this puzzle. Green bonds from institutional issuers have higher liquidity with respect to their brown bond correspondents and negative premia before correcting for their lower volatility. Green bonds from private issuers have much less favorable characteristics in terms of liquidity and volatility but have positive premia with respect to their brown correspondents, unless the private issuer commits to certify the “greenness” of the bond. An implication of our findings is that the issuer’s reputation or green third-party verifications are essential to reduce informational asymmetries, avoid suspicion of green (bond)-washing, and produce relatively more convenient financing conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria Jua Bachelet & Leonardo Becchetti & Stefano Manfredonia, 2019. "The Green Bonds Premium Puzzle: The Role of Issuer Characteristics and Third-Party Verification," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(4), pages 1-22, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:4:p:1098-:d:207377
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Febi Jensen & Dorothea Schäfer & Andreas Stephan, 2019. "Financial Constraints of Firms with Environmental Innovation," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 88(3), pages 43-65.
    2. Chuc Anh Tu & Tapan Sarker & Ehsan Rasoulinezhad, 2020. "Factors Influencing the Green Bond Market Expansion: Evidence from a Multi-Dimensional Analysis," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(6), pages 1-14, June.
    3. Hanna Hilbrandt & Monika Grubbauer, 2020. "Standards and SSOs in the contested widening and deepening of financial markets: The arrival of Green Municipal Bonds in Mexico City," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 52(7), pages 1415-1433, October.
    4. Dirk Heine & Willi Semmler & Mariana Mazzucato & João Paulo Braga & Michael Flaherty & Arkady Gevorkyan & Erin Hayde & Siavash Radpour, 2019. "Financing Low-Carbon Transitions through Carbon Pricing and Green Bonds," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 88(2), pages 29-49.
    5. Clara I. González & Soledad Núñez, 2019. "Mercados, entidades financieras y bancos centrales ante el cambio climático: retos y oportunidades," Working Papers 2019-06, FEDEA.
    6. Ana-Belén Alonso-Conde & Javier Rojo-Suárez, 2020. "On the Effect of Green Bonds on the Profitability and Credit Quality of Project Financing," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(16), pages 1-1, August.
    7. K. Thomas Liaw, 2020. "Survey of Green Bond Pricing and Investment Performance," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(9), pages 1-12, August.
    8. Qinghua Wang & Yaning Zhou & Li Luo & Junping Ji, 2019. "Research on the Factors Affecting the Risk Premium of China’s Green Bond Issuance," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(22), pages 1-14, November.
    9. Reboredo, Juan C. & Ugolini, Andrea, 2020. "Price connectedness between green bond and financial markets," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 25-38.
    10. Hammoudeh, Shawkat & Ajmi, Ahdi Noomen & Mokni, Khaled, 2020. "Relationship between green bonds and financial and environmental variables: A novel time-varying causality," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(C).
    11. Piñeiro-Chousa, Juan & López-Cabarcos, M.Ángeles & Caby, Jérôme & Šević, Aleksandar, 2021. "The influence of investor sentiment on the green bond market," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 162(C).
    12. Reboredo, Juan C. & Ugolini, Andrea & Aiube, Fernando Antonio Lucena, 2020. "Network connectedness of green bonds and asset classes," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(C).
    13. Eftichios S. Sartzetakis, 2019. "Green Bonds as an instrument to finance low carbon transition," Working Papers 258, Bank of Greece.
    14. Bastien Baldacci & Dylan Possamai, 2021. "Governmental incentives for green bonds investment," Papers 2101.00648, arXiv.org.
    15. Arif, Muhammad & Naeem, Muhammad Abubakr & Farid, Saqib & Nepal, Rabindra & Jamasb, Tooraj, 2020. "Diversifier or More? Hedge and Safe Haven Properties of Green Bonds During COVID-19," Working Papers 1-2021, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Economics.
    16. Pierre BUI QUANG & Jean-Brieux DELBOS & Simon PERILLAUD & Clément BOURGEY, 2019. "The green bond market is expanding rapidly but needs to be measured more accurately [En plein essor, le marché des obligations vertes nécessite d’être mieux mesuré]," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 226.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    green bonds; environmental sustainability; bond yields; liquidity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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