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Exploring Relationships between Environmental Performance, E-Government and Corruption: A Multivariate Perspective

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  • Carmen C. Rodríguez-Martínez

    () (Departamento de Estadística, Universidad de Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
    Departamento de Estadística, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Exactas y Tecnología, Universidad de Panamá, Ciudad de Panamá, 0824-Estafeta Universitaria, Panama)

  • Isabel María García-Sánchez

    () (Instituto Multidisciplinar de Empresa-IME, Campus Miguel de Unamuno, Universidad de Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain)

  • Purificación Vicente-Galindo

    () (Departamento de Estadística, Universidad de Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
    Instituto de Investigación Biomédica (IBSAL), 08028 Salamanca, Spain)

  • Purificación Galindo-Villardón

    () (Departamento de Estadística, Universidad de Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
    Instituto de Investigación Biomédica (IBSAL), 08028 Salamanca, Spain)

Abstract

In order to improve environmental performance, the participation of effective and transparent citizens and governments that help counteract corruption in environmental matters is crucial. In this sense, this work focuses on exploring relationships between e-participation, e-government, the corruption index and environmental performance indicators. To this end, a sample comprising 116 countries from varying geographic regions is used in conjunction with indicators of environmental performance, e-participation, e-government and the corruption index. Through the use of the HJ-biplot and STATIS multivariate statistical techniques, it will be possible to observe the role that these variables play in countries’ behavioural patterns with respect to environmental performance. The results show a correlation between the indicator ‘perception of corruption’ and environmental performance; therefore, the lower the level of corruption, the higher the environmental performance index. We conclude that countries that exhibit more e-participation, lower levels of corruption and better level income are more likely to follow policies and programmes aimed at achieving better environmental performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Carmen C. Rodríguez-Martínez & Isabel María García-Sánchez & Purificación Vicente-Galindo & Purificación Galindo-Villardón, 2019. "Exploring Relationships between Environmental Performance, E-Government and Corruption: A Multivariate Perspective," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(22), pages 1-16, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:22:p:6497-:d:288287
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    e-participation; sustainability; STATIS; HJ-biplot; environmental performance; multivariate analysis; corruption;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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