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Recent Progress on the Key Materials and Components for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells in Vehicle Applications

Author

Listed:
  • Cheng Wang

    () (Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)

  • Shubo Wang

    () (Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)

  • Linfa Peng

    () (State Key Laboratory of Mechanical System and Vibration, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China)

  • Junliang Zhang

    () (School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China)

  • Zhigang Shao

    () (Fuel Cell System and Engineering Laboratory, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning, China)

  • Jun Huang

    () (State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)

  • Chunwen Sun

    () (Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and Nanosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083, China)

  • Minggao Ouyang

    () (State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)

  • Xiangming He

    () (Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)

Abstract

Fuel cells are the most clean and efficient power source for vehicles. In particular, proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are the most promising candidate for automobile applications due to their rapid start-up and low-temperature operation. Through extensive global research efforts in the latest decade, the performance of PEMFCs, including energy efficiency, volumetric and mass power density, and low temperature startup ability, have achieved significant breakthroughs. In 2014, fuel cell powered vehicles were introduced into the market by several prominent vehicle companies. However, the low durability and high cost of PEMFC systems are still the main obstacles for large-scale industrialization of this technology. The key materials and components used in PEMFCs greatly affect their durability and cost. In this review, the technical progress of key materials and components for PEMFCs has been summarized and critically discussed, including topics such as the membrane, catalyst layer, gas diffusion layer, and bipolar plate. The development of high-durability processing technologies is also introduced. Finally, this review is concluded with personal perspectives on the future research directions of this area.

Suggested Citation

  • Cheng Wang & Shubo Wang & Linfa Peng & Junliang Zhang & Zhigang Shao & Jun Huang & Chunwen Sun & Minggao Ouyang & Xiangming He, 2016. "Recent Progress on the Key Materials and Components for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells in Vehicle Applications," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(8), pages 1-39, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:9:y:2016:i:8:p:603-:d:75020
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Roshandel, Ramin & Ahmadi, Farzad, 2013. "Effects of catalyst loading gradient in catalyst layers on performance of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 921-931.
    2. Yuan, Wei & Tang, Yong & Yang, Xiaojun & Wan, Zhenping, 2012. "Porous metal materials for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells – A review," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 309-329.
    3. Hou, Yongping & Yang, Zhihua & Fang, Xue, 2011. "An experimental study on the dynamic process of PEM fuel cell stack voltage," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 325-329.
    4. Fofana, Daouda & Natarajan, Sadesh Kumar & Hamelin, Jean & Benard, Pierre, 2014. "Low platinum, high limiting current density of the PEMFC (proton exchange membrane fuel cell) based on multilayer cathode catalyst approach," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 398-403.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:6:p:748-:d:99725 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:gam:jeners:v:11:y:2018:i:6:p:1403-:d:149797 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    hydrogen energy; fuel cell automobile; catalyst; proton exchange membrane; gas diffusion layer; bipolar plate;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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