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The Effect of risk and organizational structures on bank capital ratios


  • Rajdeep Sengupta
  • Eric W. Hogue


Capital holdings can help banks absorb unexpected losses and protect the financial system from costs associated with bank failures. As a result, a bank's capital ratio?the ratio of equity capital to total assets?can serve as an important benchmark for financial stability. Although banks are required to hold sufficient capital to meet regulatory minimums, they may have mixed incentives to hold capital in excess of these requirements. Rajdeep Sengupta and Eric W. Hogue examine how a bank's riskiness and organizational structure affect its capital holdings. They find that banks with higher risk and banks that are not owned by a bank holding company have higher capital ratios than low-risk and holding-company banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Rajdeep Sengupta & Eric W. Hogue, 2014. "The Effect of risk and organizational structures on bank capital ratios," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 53-70.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedker:00019

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Adam B. Ashcraft, 2008. "Are Bank Holding Companies a Source of Strength to Their Banking Subsidiaries?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 40(2-3), pages 273-294, March.
    2. William R. Keeton, 1990. "Bank holding companies, cross-bank guarantees, and source of strength," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue may, pages 54-67.
    3. Michael L. Lemmon & Michael R. Roberts & Jaime F. Zender, 2008. "Back to the Beginning: Persistence and the Cross‐Section of Corporate Capital Structure," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 63(4), pages 1575-1608, August.
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    Capital holdings; Risk; Banks;


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