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Foreign direct investment, joint ventures and export

Author

Listed:
  • Monica Das

    (Department of Economics, Skidmore College, 815 North Broadway, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866)

  • Sandwip Kumar Das

    (Department of Economics, State University of New York, Albany, 1400 Washington Avenue, New York 12222)

Abstract

After a joint venture agreement with a high-income country’s firm, an export-oriented but technologically backward firm in a low-income country may earn higher profit, but may not be able to improve its export market performance, unless the world market size is large. In a two-firm-two-country model, the export performance of a low-income country’s firm may suffer in a joint venture, or if the high income country’s firm plays a leadership game. However, the high-income country’s firm may prefer a joint venture to a leadership game if the profit share of the low-income country’s firm can be restricted. Under certain conditions, the low-income country’s firm should compete with the high income country’s firm and use various market signals to improve its credibility in the world market. A general model with ‘n’ firms of ‘n’ low-income countries forming a global joint venture with one firm of a high income country, shows that, the joint venture is feasible only if there are no more than three technologically backward firms and that it may be possible for a single firm of a low-income country to meet the export clause imposed by its government.

Suggested Citation

  • Monica Das & Sandwip Kumar Das, 2012. "Foreign direct investment, joint ventures and export," E3 Journal of Business Management and Economics., E3 Journals, vol. 3(5), pages 0179-0189.
  • Handle: RePEc:etr:series:v:3:y:2012:i:5:p:0179-0189
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    File URL: http://www.e3journals.org/cms/articles/1336845037_Monica%20and%20Sandwip.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    7. Roy Chowdhury, Indrani & Roy Chowdhury, Prabal, 2001. "A theory of joint venture life-cycles," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 19(3-4), pages 319-343, March.
    8. Sudipto Bhattacharya & Jay R. Ritter, 1983. "Innovation and Communication: Signalling with Partial Disclosure," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 50(2), pages 331-346.
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