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La maldición de los recursos naturales y el bienestar social

Listed author(s):
  • Nadyra Rodríguez Arias


    (Departamento de Economía y Finanzas. Universidad de Guanajuato. DCEA-Sede Marfil. Guanajuato. México.)

  • Claudia S. Gómez López


    (Departamento de Economía y Finanzas. Universidad de Guanajuato. DCEA-Sede Marfil. Guanajuato. México.)

Registered author(s):

    En las últimas décadas, una de las hipótesis más estudiadas en economía es la que involucra el concepto de la maldición de los recursos naturales. De acuerdo con ello, la abundancia de recursos naturales provoca que los países tengan bajas tasas de crecimiento. En este trabajo, se analiza la relación entre la abundancia y la dependencia de los recursos naturales con el crecimiento económico y el bienestar social, tomando en cuenta el desempeño de las instituciones. Los resultados más importantes son: (i) la evidencia en contra de la hipótesis de la maldición de los recursos naturales, al utilizar una variable proxy de abundancia de recursos naturales distinta de la variable utilizada en trabajos relacionados; aquí, esta última variable es considerada para medir la dependencia de los recursos naturales y se la trata de forma endógena, (ii) el efecto positivo que tienen los recursos naturales sobre el bienestar -medido con el índice de desarrollo humano- aunque los recursos naturales difusos tienen un efecto mayor que los recursos naturales concentrados. Los métodos de estimación utilizados son MC2E y MC3E.

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    Article provided by Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia in its journal Ensayos Revista de Economia.

    Volume (Year): XXXIII (2014)
    Issue (Month): 1 (May)
    Pages: 63-90

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    Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xxxiii:y:2014:i:1:p:63-90
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    1. Brunnschweiler, Christa N. & Bulte, Erwin H., 2008. "The resource curse revisited and revised: A tale of paradoxes and red herrings," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 248-264, May.
    2. Osmel Manzano & Roberto Rigobon, 2001. "Resource Curse or Debt Overhang?," NBER Working Papers 8390, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Torvik, Ragnar, 2002. "Natural resources, rent seeking and welfare," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 455-470, April.
    4. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2001. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(5), pages 1369-1401, December.
    5. Sachs, J-D & Warner, A-M, 1995. "Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth," Papers 517a, Harvard - Institute for International Development.
    6. Ning Ding & Barry C. Field, 2005. "Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growths," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 81(4).
    7. Elissaios Papyrakis & Reyer Gerlagh, 2003. "Natural Resources: A Blessing or a Curse?," Working Papers 2003.8, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    8. Bulte, Erwin H. & Damania, Richard & Deacon, Robert T., 2005. "Resource intensity, institutions, and development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1029-1044, July.
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