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Productivity, Structural Change in Employment and Economic Growth


  • Enrique R. Casares

    (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana)


We develop an endogenous growth model with two sectors, manufacturing and non-manufacturing. The manufacturing sector is the source of the balanced productivity growth. We study how the economy responds to shifts in sector-specific productivity. Thus, when the sector-specific productivity in the manufacturing sector increases, we find that the fraction of labor employed in the manufacturing sector follows an inverted V curve, and that the growth rate increases. Thus, the model captures approximately the documented pattern of development for the share of manufacturing employment, a bell shape over time. When the sector-specific productivity in the non-manufacturing sector increases, the growth rate remains unchanged because the non-manufacturing sector is the non-learning sector.

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  • Enrique R. Casares, 2007. "Productivity, Structural Change in Employment and Economic Growth," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 22(2), pages 335-355.
  • Handle: RePEc:emx:esteco:v:22:y:2007:i:2:p:335-355

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Oulton, Nicholas, 2001. "Must the Growth Rate Decline? Baumol's Unbalanced Growth Revisited," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(4), pages 605-627, October.
    2. Baumol, William J, 1972. "Macroeconomics of Unbalanced Growth: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(1), pages 150-150, March.
    3. Piyabha Kongsamut & Sergio Rebelo & Danyang Xie, 2001. "Beyond Balanced Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 68(4), pages 869-882.
    4. L. Rachel Ngai & Christopher A. Pissarides, 2007. "Structural Change in a Multisector Model of Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(1), pages 429-443, March.
    5. Daron Acemoglu & Veronica Guerrieri, 2008. "Capital Deepening and Nonbalanced Economic Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 116(3), pages 467-498, June.
    6. Matsuyama, Kiminori, 1992. "Agricultural productivity, comparative advantage, and economic growth," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 317-334, December.
    7. Paul R. Bergin & Reuven Glick & Alan M. Taylor, 2017. "Productivity, Tradability, and the Long-Run Price Puzzle," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: International Macroeconomic Interdependence, chapter 8, pages 211-248 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    8. Vladimir Klyuev, 2005. "Evolution of the Relative Price of Goods and Services in a Neoclassical Model of Capital Accumulation," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 8(3), pages 720-730, July.
    9. Kuznets, Simon, 1973. "Modern Economic Growth: Findings and Reflections," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 247-258, June.
    10. Francesco Caselli & Wilbur John Coleman II, 2001. "The U.S. Structural Transformation and Regional Convergence: A Reinterpretation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 109(3), pages 584-616, June.
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    More about this item


    manufacturing sector; learning by doing; productivity; structural change; growth;

    JEL classification:

    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models


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