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Do indigenous peoples benefit from poverty programs? Evidence from Mexico´s 2000 census


  • Oscar J. Cárdenas-Rodríguez

    (Universidad de Guanajuato)

  • Gabriel González-König

    (Universidad de Guanajuato)

  • Diana Ojeda-Revah

    (COESPO, Guanajuato)

  • Quentin Wodon

    (Poverty Group for Latin America at the World Bank)


Indigenous peoples are among the poorest in Latin America, and it is often argued that social policies do not reach them. At the same time, several countries have implemented in recent years new programs for poverty reduction that should have benefited the indigenous. In this paper, we use data from Mexico's 2000 census to test whether indigenous peoples living in the southern states of Chiapas, Guerrero and Oaxaca benefit from three large government programs: PROGRESA, FISM, and PROCAMPO.

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  • Oscar J. Cárdenas-Rodríguez & Gabriel González-König & Diana Ojeda-Revah & Quentin Wodon, 2004. "Do indigenous peoples benefit from poverty programs? Evidence from Mexico´s 2000 census," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 19(1), pages 125-135.
  • Handle: RePEc:emx:esteco:v:19:y:2004:i:1:p:125-135

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Louise Cord & Quentin Wodon, 2001. "Do Agricultural Programs in Mexico Alleviate Poverty? Evidence from the Ejido Sector," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 38(114), pages 239-256.
    2. Sadoulet, Elisabeth & Janvry, Alain de & Davis, Benjamin, 2001. "Cash Transfer Programs with Income Multipliers: PROCAMPO in Mexico," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 1043-1056, June.
    3. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    4. Wodon, Quentin & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 2002. "Inequality and Social Welfare," MPRA Paper 12298, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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