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Analysis of the repatriation adjustment process in the Spanish context


  • Ma Eugenia Sánchez Vidal
  • Raquel Sanz Valle
  • Ma Isabel Barba Aragón


Purpose - This paper aims to analyze the repatriation adjustment process of international employees in the Spanish context. The paper also aims to test the applicability of Black Design/methodology/approach - The paper reports on empirical quantitative research, based on data from 124 Spanish repatriates. Multiple regression analysis and factor analysis are used to test the hypotheses of the study. Findings - The findings provide evidence for some of the relations proposed in the model but they do not support the model as a whole. The paper questions the existence of the different dimensions of expectations/adjustment and the importance of some of the factors included in the model. Research limitations/implications - The sample is not very large; some bias could appear as only repatriates who continue working in their companies were questioned. Future research should conduct longitudinal studies. Practical implications - The study provides evidence of the relevance of facilitating repatriates' adjustment, as it affects their performance. The study also shows that some variables can facilitate the process. In particular, having a mentor and frequent communication with home during the expatriation has been found to help the repatriates to create accurate expectations, which, in turn, affect their general adjustment. Social capacity and the fact that the repatriates had not adjusted completely overseas also facilitate readjustment. Finally, work autonomy on return and social status have been found to positively affect work adjustment. Originality/value - The paper contributes to the literature by examining the repatriation model of Black

Suggested Citation

  • Ma Eugenia Sánchez Vidal & Raquel Sanz Valle & Ma Isabel Barba Aragón, 2010. "Analysis of the repatriation adjustment process in the Spanish context," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 31(1), pages 21-41, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:ijmpps:v:31:y:2010:i:1:p:21-41

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Megan Beckett & Julie Da Vanzo & Narayan Sastry & Constantijn Panis & Christine Peterson, 2001. "The Quality of Retrospective Data: An Examination of Long-Term Recall in a Developing Country," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 36(3), pages 593-625.
    2. Jeffrey P Shay & Sally A Baack, 2004. "Expatriate assignment, adjustment and effectiveness: an empirical examination of the big picture," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 35(3), pages 216-232, May.
    3. Bossard, Annette B. & Peterson, Richard B., 2005. "The repatriate experience as seen by American expatriates," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 9-28, February.
    4. Margaret A Shaffer & David A Harrison & K Matthew Gilley, 1999. "Dimensions, Determinants, and Differences in the Expatriate Adjustment Process," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 30(3), pages 557-581, September.
    5. Lazarova, Mila & Tarique, Ibraiz, 2005. "Knowledge transfer upon repatriation," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 361-373, November.
    6. Michael G Harvey, 1989. "Repatriation of Corporate Executives: An Empirical Study," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 20(1), pages 131-144, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Anika Breitenmoser & Benjamin Bader, 2016. "Repatriation outcomes affecting corporate ROI: a critical review and future agenda," Management Review Quarterly, Springer;Vienna University of Economics and Business, vol. 66(3), pages 195-234, June.


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