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Explaining variation in reverse diffusion of HR practices: Evidence from the German and British subsidiaries of American multinationals

  • Edwards, Tony
  • Tempel, Anne
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    This paper examines the phenomenon of 'reverse diffusion' of HR practices in multinational companies, defined as the diffusion of practices from the foreign operations of MNCs to the home country. Drawing on research incorporating fieldwork in the British and German subsidiaries of US-based multinationals, we identify sources of variation in the incidence of reverse diffusion both between firms and between subsidiaries of the same firm.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1090951609000261
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of World Business.

    Volume (Year): 45 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: 19-28

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:worbus:v:45:y:2010:i:1:p:19-28
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    1. Anthony Ferner & Matthias Varul, 2000. "'Vanguard' Subsidiaries and the Diffusion of New Practices: A Case Study of German Multinationals," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 38(1), pages 115-140, 03.
    2. Harzing, Anne-Wil, 2001. "Of bears, bumble-bees, and spiders: the role of expatriates in controlling foreign subsidiaries," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 366-379, January.
    3. Harzing, Anne-Wil & Noorderhaven, Niels, 2006. "Knowledge flows in MNCs: An empirical test and extension of Gupta and Govindarajan's typology of subsidiary roles," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 195-214, June.
    4. Ingmar Bj�rkman & Carl F Fey & Hyeon Jeong Park, 2007. "Institutional theory and MNC subsidiary HRM practices: evidence from a three-country study," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 38(3), pages 430-446, May.
    5. Boehe, Dirk Michael, 2007. "Product development in MNC subsidiaries: Local linkages and global interdependencies," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 488-512, December.
    6. B Kogut & U Zander, 2003. "A memoir and reflection: knowledge and an evolutionary theory of the multinational firm 10 years later," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(6), pages 505-515, November.
    7. Adenfelt, Maria & Lagerström, Katarina, 2006. "Knowledge development and sharing in multinational corporations: The case of a centre of excellence and a transnational team," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 381-400, August.
    8. Ram Mudambi & Pietro Navarra, 2004. "Is knowledge power? Knowledge flows, subsidiary power and rent-seeking within MNCs," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 35(5), pages 385-406, September.
    9. Ulf Andersson & Mats Forsgren & Ulf Holm, 2007. "Balancing subsidiary influence in the federative MNC: a business network view," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 38(5), pages 802-818, September.
    10. Bossard, Annette B. & Peterson, Richard B., 2005. "The repatriate experience as seen by American expatriates," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 9-28, February.
    11. Jan Johanson & Jan-Erik Vahlne, 1977. "The Internationalization Process of the Firm—A Model of Knowledge Development and Increasing Foreign Market Commitments," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 8(1), pages 23-32, March.
    12. Ambos, Tina C. & Ambos, Björn & Schlegelmilch, Bodo B., 2006. "Learning from foreign subsidiaries: An empirical investigation of headquarters' benefits from reverse knowledge transfers," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 294-312, June.
    13. Tony Edwards & Phil Almond & Ian Clark & Trevor Colling & Anthony Ferner, 2005. "Reverse Diffusion in US Multinationals: Barriers from the American Business System," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(6), pages 1261-1286, 09.
    14. Holm, Ulf & Sharma, D. Deo, 2006. "Subsidiary marketing knowledge and strategic development of the multinational corporation," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 47-66, March.
    15. Lazarova, Mila & Tarique, Ibraiz, 2005. "Knowledge transfer upon repatriation," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 361-373, November.
    16. X Martin & R Salomon, 2003. "Knowledge transfer capacity and its implications for the theory of the multinational corporation," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(4), pages 356-373, July.
    17. Boojihawon, Dev Kumar & Dimitratos, Pavlos & Young, Stephen, 2007. "Characteristics and influences of multinational subsidiary entrepreneurial culture: The case of the advertising sector," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 549-572, October.
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