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Self-selection vs learning: evidence from Indian exporting firms

  • Priya Ranjan
  • Jibonayan Raychaudhuri

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to study whether exporting firms outperform non-exporting firms along a number of performance characteristics. It also examines whether the differences in performance characteristics are due to the self-selection of better firms into exporting or because the firms that start exporting for some unknown reason experience productivity growth. Design/methodology/approach – The dataset comprised a panel of Indian manufacturing firms for a period of 17 years from 1990 to 2006. Findings – Exporters were found to systematically outperform non-exporters over a number of characteristics. Also, evidence was found of “self-selection”, that is, firms that are more productive enter the export market. There was some evidence of learning, that is exporting firms experience an increase in productivity. Originality/value – This is the first paper to look at the issue of self-selection vs learning for exporting firms using a dataset from India.

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Article provided by Emerald Group Publishing in its journal Indian Growth and Development Review.

Volume (Year): 4 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (April)
Pages: 22-37

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Handle: RePEc:eme:igdrpp:v:4:y:2011:i:1:p:22-37
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