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Local innovation capacity: a typology for Basque Counties


  • Arantza Zubiaurre Goena

    (Universidad de Deusto-ESTE)

  • Kristina Zabala Berriozabal

    (Universidad de Deusto-ESTE)

  • Miren Larrea Aranguren

    (Universidad de Deusto-ESTE)


The article reflects on the right territorial unit to analyse innovation processes, proposing a multilevel approach and taking a step towards developing it in the Basque Country. From an empirical point of view, it contributes to the relatively scarce literature on the study of the interrelations between innovation systems, agglomerations and entrepreneurship. Connected to these three concepts, 21 indicators have been used to carry out a cluster analysis following an initial principal components analysis with the results of a typology that group the 20 Basque counties into 5 different classes: 1) capital-urban zones with a diverse industry mix; 2) advanced industrial agglomerations; 3) industrial agglomerations with average technological performance 4) small industrial counties and 5) small rural counties.

Suggested Citation

  • Arantza Zubiaurre Goena & Kristina Zabala Berriozabal & Miren Larrea Aranguren, 2009. "Local innovation capacity: a typology for Basque Counties," EKONOMIAZ. Revista vasca de Economía, Gobierno Vasco / Eusko Jaurlaritza / Basque Government, vol. 70(01), pages 282-303.
  • Handle: RePEc:ekz:ekonoz:2009117

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Todtling, Franz & Trippl, Michaela, 2005. "One size fits all?: Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1203-1219, October.
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    More about this item


    innovation systems; economies of agglomeration; entrepreneurship; regional science;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure


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