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Evaluation of the hybrid model of public bicycle-sharing operation and private bicycle parking management


  • Nakamura, Hiroki
  • Abe, Naoya


The increasing uptake of public bicycle-sharing programs (PBSPs) worldwide bespeaks their perceived positive contribution to sustainable mobility. However, scholarly literature that examines the different PBSP operation models and their appropriateness to specific settings has remained limited. This paper redresses this gap by addressing three key questions: (1) What types of PBSP operation models have been implemented so far? (2) How can we evaluate each type of operation model? (3) Using specific case contexts, what alternative operation models are available to enable the sustainable management of PBSPs? Our results revealed significant variability in the number of available bicycle docking stations in different cities׳ programs; the number of docking stations can range from single figures to over 1000. For instance, some Japanese cities display high proportions of private bicycle use but accommodate only small-scale PBSPs. Although models for PBSPs of all sizes are thought to result in certain social benefits, larger projects tend to be more profitable than smaller ones. However, the application of the hybrid model of PBSP operation and private bicycle parking management raises the profitability of small-scale models, rendering them more appropriate for implementation with a number of positive outcomes.

Suggested Citation

  • Nakamura, Hiroki & Abe, Naoya, 2014. "Evaluation of the hybrid model of public bicycle-sharing operation and private bicycle parking management," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 31-41.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:35:y:2014:i:c:p:31-41
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2014.05.009

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Martens, Karel, 2007. "Promoting bike-and-ride: The Dutch experience," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 326-338, May.
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    1. repec:eee:touman:v:55:y:2016:i:c:p:85-93 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:6:p:895-:d:100239 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. José I. Castillo-Manzano & Mercedes Castro-Nuño & Lourdes Lopez-Valpuesta, 2015. "The relationship between public and private bicycle use: the case of Seville," ERSA conference papers ersa15p206, European Regional Science Association.
    4. Ranran Yang & Ruyin Long, 2016. "Analysis of the Influencing Factors of the Public Willingness to Participate in Public Bicycle Projects and Intervention Strategies—A Case Study of Jiangsu Province, China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(4), pages 1-16, April.
    5. Médard de Chardon, Cyrille & Caruso, Geoffrey, 2015. "Estimating bike-share trips using station level data," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 260-279.
    6. Mrkajic, Vladimir & Vukelic, Djordje & Mihajlov, Andjelka, 2015. "Reduction of CO2 emission and non-environmental co-benefits of bicycle infrastructure provision: the case of the University of Novi Sad, Serbia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 232-242.
    7. Dowling, Robyn & Kent, Jennifer, 2015. "Practice and public–private partnerships in sustainable transport governance: The case of car sharing in Sydney, Australia," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 58-64.
    8. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:4:p:349:d:67929 is not listed on IDEAS


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