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Mapping bicycle use and the risk of accidents for commuters who cycle to work in Belgium

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  • VANDENBULCKE, Grégory
  • THOMAS, Isabelle
  • de GEUS, Bas
  • DEGRAEUWE, Bart

Abstract

This paper explores the spatial patterns of bicycle use for commuting and the risk cyclists run being injured in a road accident when commuting to work in Belgium. Exploratory data analyses suggest that the observed differences in the use of the bicycle to get to work are strongly linked to the urban hierarchy: commuters are more inclined to cycle in cities and specifically in regional towns (with 25Â 000 to 120Â 000 inhabitants). In large cities (more than 200Â 000 inhabitants), less commuting by bicycle takes place. The relationship between bicycle use and the risk of being seriously injured or killed in a road accident is also studied. A cluster analysis confirms that high proportions of commuter cyclists are correlated with low risks of becoming a casualty. It also shows that there are strong spatial differences (regional and between different types of towns) in bicycle use and the risk of an accident. This suggests that cycling policies should be spatially differentiated.
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Suggested Citation

  • VANDENBULCKE, Grégory & THOMAS, Isabelle & de GEUS, Bas & DEGRAEUWE, Bart, 2009. "Mapping bicycle use and the risk of accidents for commuters who cycle to work in Belgium," LIDAM Reprints CORE 2097, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cor:louvrp:2097
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2009.03.004
    Note: In : Transport Policy, 16, 77-87, 2009
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    4. Vandenbulcke, Grégory & Dujardin, Claire & Thomas, Isabelle & Geus, Bas de & Degraeuwe, Bart & Meeusen, Romain & Panis, Luc Int, 2011. "Cycle commuting in Belgium: Spatial determinants and 're-cycling' strategies," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 118-137, February.
    5. Blazquez, Carola A. & Calderón, Juan Felipe & Puelma, Isabel, 2020. "Towards a safe and sustainable mobility: Spatial-temporal analysis of bicycle crashes in Chile," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 87(C).
    6. Ürge-Vorsatz, Diana & Kelemen, Agnes & Tirado-Herrero, Sergio & Thomas, Stefan & Thema, Johannes & Mzavanadze, Nora & Hauptstock, Dorothea & Suerkemper, Felix & Teubler, Jens & Gupta, Mukesh & Chatter, 2016. "Measuring multiple impacts of low-carbon energy options in a green economy context," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 179(C), pages 1409-1426.
    7. Hwachyi Wang & S. K. Jason Chang & Hans De Backer & Dirk Lauwers & Philippe De Maeyer, 2019. "Integrating Spatial and Temporal Approaches for Explaining Bicycle Crashes in High-Risk Areas in Antwerp (Belgium)," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(13), pages 1-28, July.
    8. Van Malderen, Laurent & Jourquin, Bart & Thomas, Isabelle & Vanoutrive, Thomas & Verhetsel, Ann & Witlox, Frank, 2012. "On the mobility policies of companies: What are the good practices? The Belgian case," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 10-19.
    9. Laurent Van Malderen & Bart Jourquin & Isabelle Thomas & Thomas Vanoutrive & Ann Verhetsel & Frank Witlox, 2011. "Employer Mobility Plans: Acceptability, Efficiency And Costs," ERSA conference papers ersa10p291, European Regional Science Association.
    10. Verhetsel, Ann & Vanelslander, Thierry, 2010. "What location policy can bring to sustainable commuting: an empirical study in Brussels and Flanders, Belgium," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 691-701.
    11. Wang, Hwachyi & De Backer, Hans & Lauwers, Dirk & Chang, S.K.Jason, 2019. "A spatio-temporal mapping to assess bicycle collision risks on high-risk areas (Bridges) - A case study from Taipei (Taiwan)," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 94-109.
    12. Loidl, Martin & Traun, Christoph & Wallentin, Gudrun, 2016. "Spatial patterns and temporal dynamics of urban bicycle crashes—A case study from Salzburg (Austria)," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 38-50.
    13. Pucher, John & Buehler, Ralph & Seinen, Mark, 2011. "Bicycling renaissance in North America? An update and re-appraisal of cycling trends and policies," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 45(6), pages 451-475, July.
    14. de Kruijf, Joost & van der Waerden, Peter & Feng, Tao & Böcker, Lars & van Lierop, Dea & Ettema, Dick & Dijst, Martin, 2021. "Integrated weather effects on e-cycling in daily commuting: A longitudinal evaluation of weather effects on e-cycling in the Netherlands," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 148(C), pages 305-315.
    15. Lucy Waruguru Mburu & Marco Helbich, 2016. "Environmental Risk Factors influencing Bicycle Theft: A Spatial Analysis in London, UK," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 11(9), pages 1-19, September.
    16. Konstantin Klemmer & Tobias Brandt & Stephen Jarvis, 2018. "Isolating the effect of cycling on local business environments in London," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 13(12), pages 1-31, December.
    17. Van Holle, Veerle & Van Cauwenberg, Jelle & Deforche, Benedicte & Goubert, Liesbet & Maes, Lea & Nasar, Jack & Van de Weghe, Nico & Salmon, Jo & De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, 2014. "Environmental invitingness for transport-related cycling in middle-aged adults: A proof of concept study using photographs," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 432-446.

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