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Travel time variability and airport accessibility

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Listed:
  • Koster, Paul
  • Kroes, Eric
  • Verhoef, Erik

Abstract

We analyze the cost of access travel time variability for air travelers. Reliable access to airports is important since the cost of missing a flight is likely to be high. First, the determinants of the preferred arrival times at airports are analyzed. Second, the willingness to pay (WTP) for reductions in access travel time, early and late arrival time at the airport, and the probability to miss a flight are estimated, using a stated choice experiment. The results indicate that the WTPs are relatively high. Third, a model is developed to calculate the cost of variable travel times for representative air travelers going by car, taking into account travel time cost, scheduling cost and the cost of missing a flight using empirical travel time data. In this model, the value of reliability for air travelers is derived taking “anticipating departure time choice” into account, meaning that travelers determine their departure time from home optimally. Results of the numerical exercise show that the cost of access travel time variability for business travelers are between 0% and 30% of total access travel cost, and for non-business travelers between 0% and 25%. These numbers depend strongly on the time of the day.

Suggested Citation

  • Koster, Paul & Kroes, Eric & Verhoef, Erik, 2011. "Travel time variability and airport accessibility," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(10), pages 1545-1559.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:45:y:2011:i:10:p:1545-1559
    DOI: 10.1016/j.trb.2011.05.027
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Paul Koster & Eric Pels & Erik Verhoef, 2016. "The User Costs of Air Travel Delay Variability," Transportation Science, INFORMS, vol. 50(1), pages 120-131, February.
    2. repec:eee:trapol:v:61:y:2018:i:c:p:123-131 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:dgr:uvatin:20100091 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Eric Kroes & Paul R. Koster & Stefanie Peer, 2014. "A Practical Method to estimate the Benefits of Improved Network Reliability: An Application to Departing Air Passengers," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-130/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    5. Thorhauge, Mikkel & Cherchi, Elisabetta & Rich, Jeppe, 2016. "How flexible is flexible? Accounting for the effect of rescheduling possibilities in choice of departure time for work trips," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 177-193.
    6. repec:eee:transa:v:103:y:2017:i:c:p:198-210 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Yazdanpanah, Mahdi & Hosseinlou, Mansour Hadji, 2016. "The influence of personality traits on airport public transport access mode choice: A hybrid latent class choice modeling approach," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 147-163.
    8. Xiao, Yu & Coulombel, Nicolas & Palma, André de, 2017. "The valuation of travel time reliability: does congestion matter?," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 113-141.
    9. Gokasar, Ilgin & Gunay, Gurkan, 2017. "Mode choice behavior modeling of ground access to airports: A case study in Istanbul, Turkey," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1-7.
    10. Gubins, Sergejs & Verhoef, Erik T. & de Graaff, Thomas, 2012. "Welfare effects of road pricing and traffic information under alternative ownership regimes," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 46(8), pages 1304-1317.
    11. Yang, Chih-Wen & Liao, Pei-Han, 2016. "Modeling the joint choice of access modes and flight routes with parallel structure and random heterogeneity," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 19-31.
    12. Tim Ryley & Jaafar Elmirghani & Tom Budd & Chikage Miyoshi & Keith Mason & Richard Moxon & Imad Ahmed & Bilal Qazi & Alberto Zanni, 2013. "Sustainable Development and Airport Surface Access: The Role of Technological Innovation and Behavioral Change," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(4), pages 1-15, April.
    13. Escobari, Diego, 2017. "Airport, airline and departure time choice and substitution patterns: An empirical analysis," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 198-210.
    14. Jorge Valido & M. Pilar Socorro & Francesca Medda, 2013. "DYPES: Vertical differentiation, schedule delay and entry deterrence: Low cost vs. full service airlines," Working Papers 2013-05, FEDEA.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Value of time; Value of reliability; Trip scheduling; Airport accessibility;

    JEL classification:

    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • L91 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Transportation: General
    • L93 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Air Transportation
    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis

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