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An empirical investigation into the time-use and activity patterns of dual-earner couples with and without young children

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  • Bernardo, Christina
  • Paleti, Rajesh
  • Hoklas, Megan
  • Bhat, Chandra

Abstract

This paper examines the time-use patterns of adults in dual-earner households with and without children as a function of several individual and household socio-demographics and employment characteristics. A disaggregate activity purpose classification including both in-home and out-of-home activity pursuits is used because of the travel demand relevance of out-of-home pursuits, as well as to examine both mobility-related and general time-use related social exclusion and time poverty issues. The study uses the Nested Multiple Discrete Continuous Extreme Value (MDCNEV) model, which recognizes that time-decisions entail the choice of participating in one or more activity purposes along with the amount of time to invest in each chosen activity purpose, and allows generic correlation structures to account for common unobserved factors that might impact the choice of multiple alternatives. The 2010 American Time Use Survey (ATUS) data is used for the empirical analysis. A major finding of the study is that the presence of a child in dual-earner households not only leads to a reduction in in-home non-work activity participation (excluding child care activities) but also a substantially larger decrease in out-of-home non-work activity participation (excluding child care and shopping activities), suggesting a higher level of mobility-related social exclusion relative to overall time-use social exclusion. To summarize, the results in the paper underscore the importance of considering household structure in activity-based travel demand models, as well as re-designing work policies in the United States to facilitate a reduction in work-family conflict in dual-earner families.

Suggested Citation

  • Bernardo, Christina & Paleti, Rajesh & Hoklas, Megan & Bhat, Chandra, 2015. "An empirical investigation into the time-use and activity patterns of dual-earner couples with and without young children," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 71-91.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:76:y:2015:i:c:p:71-91
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2014.12.006
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Bhat, Chandra R. & Astroza, Sebastian & Hamdi, Amin S., 2017. "A spatial generalized ordered-response model with skew normal kernel error terms with an application to bicycling frequency," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 126-148.
    2. Bhat, Chandra R., 2018. "A new flexible multiple discrete–continuous extreme value (MDCEV) choice model," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 261-279.
    3. Bhat, Chandra R. & Astroza, Sebastian & Bhat, Aarti C. & Nagel, Kai, 2016. "Incorporating a multiple discrete-continuous outcome in the generalized heterogeneous data model: Application to residential self-selection effects analysis in an activity time-use behavior model," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 52-76.
    4. Calastri, Chiara & Hess, Stephane & Daly, Andrew & Carrasco, Juan Antonio, 2017. "Does the social context help with understanding and predicting the choice of activity type and duration? An application of the Multiple Discrete-Continuous Nested Extreme Value model to activity diary," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 1-20.
    5. Chakrabarti, Sandip & Joh, Kenneth, 2019. "The effect of parenthood on travel behavior: Evidence from the California Household Travel Survey," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 120(C), pages 101-115.
    6. Nursitihazlin Ahmad Termida & Yusak O. Susilo & Joel P. Franklin, 2016. "Examining the effects of out-of-home and in-home constraints on leisure activity participation in different seasons of the year," Transportation, Springer, vol. 43(6), pages 997-1021, November.
    7. Lu, Hui & Hess, Stephane & Daly, Andrew & Rohr, Charlene, 2017. "Measuring the impact of alcohol multi-buy promotions on consumers' purchase behaviour," Journal of choice modelling, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 75-95.
    8. Bilin Han & Jinhee Kim & Harry Timmermans, 2020. "Turn taking behavior in dual earner households with children: a focus on escorting routines," Transportation, Springer, vol. 47(1), pages 203-222, February.
    9. Lai, Xinjun & Lam, William H.K. & Su, Junbiao & Fu, Hui, 2019. "Modelling intra-household interactions in time-use and activity patterns of retired and dual-earner couples," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 126(C), pages 172-194.

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