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Impact assessment of satellite centre-based telecommuting on travel and air quality in developing countries by exploring the link between travel behaviour and urban form

  • Dissanayake, Dilum
  • Morikawa, Takayuki
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    Lack of coordination between transport and land use in developing countries creates a variety of complications in the urban form. Due to this mismatch, vehicle ownership is uncontrollably rising, generating hyper-congestion on the road network. Suburban sprawling is one of the adverse outcomes of the transport-land use mismatch, which increases trip lengths and thereby supports traffic gridlocks in the urban areas. This paper proposes a satellite centre-based telecommuting as a solution for easing congestion in developing countries by exploring the link between travel behaviour and urban form. The investigation is conducted in two stages. In the first stage, the household travel behaviour in developing countries is analysed by using a nested logit (NL) model of two levels. The upper level is characterized by car-owning, motorcycle owning and no vehicle-owning choices. The lower level consists of household related travel choices. In the second stage, the developed NL model is applied for a telecommuting policy by locating new satellite centres outside the CBD. The satellite locations are chosen considering the travel convenience, urban form and the existing road network. The impacts of the policy are assessed in terms of vehicle kilometres travelled (VKT) and emissions considering Bangkok Metropolitan Region as a case study.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice.

    Volume (Year): 42 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 6 (July)
    Pages: 883-894

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:42:y:2008:i:6:p:883-894
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    1. Mokhtarian, Patricia L. & Bagley, Michael N. & Salomon, Ilan, 1998. "The Impact of Gender, Occupation, and Presence of Children on Telecommuting Motivations and Constraints," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt6792b1k7, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. Mokhtarian, Patricia L. & Handy, Susan L. & Salomon, Ilan, 1995. "Methodological issues in the estimation of the travel, energy, and air quality impacts of telecommuting," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 283-302, July.
    3. Hamilton, Bruce W, 1982. "Wasteful Commuting," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(5), pages 1035-51, October.
    4. Giuliano, Genevieve & Small, Kenneth A., 1991. "Subcenters in the Los Angeles region," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 163-182, July.
    5. White, Michelle J, 1988. "Urban Commuting Journeys Are Not "Wasteful."," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(5), pages 1097-110, October.
    6. Henderson, Dennis & Mohktarian, Patricia, 1996. "Impacts of Center-Based Telecommuting on Travel and Emissions: Analysis of the Puget Sound Demonstration Project," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt3tt6d46w, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    7. Sangho Choo & Patricia Mokhtarian & Ilan Salomon, 2005. "Does telecommuting reduce vehicle-miles traveled? An aggregate time series analysis for the U.S," Transportation, Springer, vol. 32(1), pages 37-64, January.
    8. White, M.J., 1988. "Urban Commuting Journeys Are Not Wasteful," Papers 88-10, Michigan - Center for Research on Economic & Social Theory.
    9. Cropper, Maureen L. & Gordon, Patrice L., 1991. "Wasteful commuting: A re-examination," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 2-13, January.
    10. van Ommeren, Jos & Rietveld, Piet & Nijkamp, Peter, 1997. "Commuting: In Search of Jobs and Residences," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 402-421, November.
    11. Cervero, Robert, 1989. "Jobs-Housing Balancing and Regional Mobility," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt7mx3k73h, University of California Transportation Center.
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