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The trouble with minimum parking requirements

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  • Shoup, Donald C.

Abstract

Urban planners typically set the minimum parking requirements for every land use to satisfy the peak demand for free parking. As a result, parking is free for 99% of automobile trips in the United States. Minimum parking requirements increase the supply and reduce the price - but not the cost - of parking. They bundle the cost of parking spaces into the cost of development, and thereby increase the prices of all the goods and services sold at the sites that offer free parking. Cars have many external costs, but the external cost of parking in cities may be greater than all the other external costs combined. To prevent spillover, cities could price on-street parking rather than require off-street parking. Compared with minimum parking requirements, market prices can allocate parking spaces fairly and efficiently.

Suggested Citation

  • Shoup, Donald C., 1999. "The trouble with minimum parking requirements," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 33(7-8), pages 549-574.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:33:y:1999:i:7-8:p:549-574
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Shoup, Donald C., 1994. "Cashing in on Curb Parking," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt4z3061mk, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. Shoup, Donald C., 1997. "The High Cost of Free Parking," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt4vz087cc, University of California Transportation Center.
    3. Brown, S. A. & Lambe, T. A., 1972. "Parking prices in the central business district," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 133-144, April.
    4. Shoup, Donald C., 1997. "The High Cost of Free Parking," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt25w617n7, University of California Transportation Center.
    5. Shoup, Donald C., 1992. "Cashing Out Employer-Paid Parking," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt4548s6j5, University of California Transportation Center.
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