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Academic scientists’ affiliation with university research centers: Selection dynamics

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  • Su, Xuhong

Abstract

University research centers have been institutionalized as a part of the science policy repertoire committed to strategic use of science and technology. Based on a representative sample of academic scientists and engineers in American research universities, this study investigates the selection dynamics, attempting to unfold the determinants of department-affiliated faculty members to be center affiliates. The findings suggest that university research centers select their affiliates on the basis of individual scientific and technical human capital. Scientists from prestigious departments are more likely to be center affiliates, so are prolific scientists, former postdoctoral scholars and the elder cohorts. In the meantime, university research centers are able to overcome the incentive incongruity with academic departments, as is evidenced by a higher likelihood among junior scientists to secure center connections. Dedicated to diversity and equity, university research centers provide a level playing field for women, minority and foreign-born scientists. The study concludes with a discussion of the scientific and technical human capital theory and policy implications in the science enterprise.

Suggested Citation

  • Su, Xuhong, 2014. "Academic scientists’ affiliation with university research centers: Selection dynamics," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 382-390.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:respol:v:43:y:2014:i:2:p:382-390
    DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2013.11.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Barry Bozeman & Monica Gaughan & Jan Youtie & Catherine P. Slade & Heather Rimes, 2016. "Research collaboration experiences, good and bad: Dispatches from the front lines," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 43(2), pages 226-244.
    2. repec:kap:jtecht:v:44:y:2019:i:3:d:10.1007_s10961-017-9611-y is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Ribeiro, Filipa M., 2016. "Interdisciplinarity in ferment: The role of knowledge networks and department affiliation," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 113(PB), pages 240-247.

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