Committing to vaccine R&D: a global science policy priority
The amount of vaccine R&D performed, especially geared towards health issues affecting the developing world, is exceptionally undersized. Despite immunisation representing the most effective tool for achieving disease eradication, and the general consensus being optimistic about the development of a vaccine capable of fighting AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis, neither private nor public entities are investing sufficiently in the field. Reasons can be associated both with a lack of market incentives as well as with the low priority that these diseases set on Western political agendas. Though, seen through the Global Public Good lenses, it appears in the interest of high-income countries, their governments in primis, to invest public resources – financial and infra-structural – in vaccine R&D for global pandemics, as well as managing international cooperation through a global fund. The paper reviews a number of proposals put forward in the existing literature and offers a range of policy options. La cuantía invertida en I+D en vacunas, especialmente dirigida a cuestiones de salud que afectan al mundo en desarrollo, es excepcionalmente insuficiente. A pesar de que la inmunización representa el instrumento más efectivo para lograr la erradicación de enfermedades, y de que el consenso general es optimista sobre el desarrollo de una vacuna capaz de luchar contra el SIDA, la malaria y la tuberculosis, ni las entidades públicas ni las privadas están invirtiendo lo suficiente en este campo. Las razones de ello pueden asociarse tanto con una falta de incentivos de mercado como también con la baja prioridad que esas enfermedades tienen en las agendas políticas de Occidente. Si bien, visto desde la óptica de los Bienes Públicos Globales, parece que sería del interés de los países de rentas altas, e in primis de sus Gobiernos, el invertir recursos públicos – financieros y de infraestructura – en I+D en vacunas para las pandemias globales, así como gestionar la cooperación internac
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- Frank, Richard G., 2003. "New estimates of drug development costs," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 325-330, March.
- Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters, in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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- Gambardella, Alfonso & Orsenigo, Luigi & Pammolli, Fabio, 2000. "Global Competitiveness in Pharmaceuticals: A European Perspective," MPRA Paper 15965, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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