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Life cycle embodied energy analysis of residential buildings: A review of literature to investigate embodied energy parameters


  • Dixit, Manish K.


Approximately half of the annual global energy supply is consumed in constructing, operating, and maintaining buildings. Because most of this energy comes from fossil fuels, it also contributes greatly to annual carbon emissions. When constructing a building, embodied energy is consumed through construction materials, building products, and construction processes along with any transportation, administration, and management involved. Operating energy is used in space conditioning, heating, lighting, and powering building appliances. In order to effectively reduce the carbon footprint of buildings, a comprehensive reduction in both embodied and operating energy is needed. Studies so far have focused on reducing either embodied or operating energy in isolation without realizing the trade-off that exists between them. Also, building energy research has concentrated more on operating energy than embodied energy, and as a result, the operating energy of buildings is gradually decreasing. Due to a variety of issues, however, few efforts have been undertaken to comprehensively minimize embodied energy.

Suggested Citation

  • Dixit, Manish K., 2017. "Life cycle embodied energy analysis of residential buildings: A review of literature to investigate embodied energy parameters," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 390-413.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:390-413
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.051

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:6:p:1693-:d:148464 is not listed on IDEAS
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