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Review of sustainable biomass pellets production – A study for agricultural residues pellets’ market in Greece


  • Karkania, V.
  • Fanara, E.
  • Zabaniotou, A.


Agro residues constitute the biggest source of biomass in Greece. Although large amounts of agricultural residues are produced in Greece each year, their contribution towards meeting national energy demand has remained rather low due to inefficient and unplanned use. These residues have low heating value per unit volume and high transportation and storage costs when used in as received condition; these difficulties can be largely overcome through densification which is an effective approach for using residues efficiently. Densification offers an opportunity to make biomass easier to handle and transport. The cost of the endeavor is a challenge. However, there is a need to consider a system that operates year around with several biomass materials. The investigation in the Greek and the international market shows that mixed biomass pellets are promising fuels and with the appropriate support these fuels have many prospects for the future. The use of biomass pellets would not only create new market opportunities for agricultural industries, it would also reduce dependence on coal, as well as the greenhouse gas emissions associated with coal use.

Suggested Citation

  • Karkania, V. & Fanara, E. & Zabaniotou, A., 2012. "Review of sustainable biomass pellets production – A study for agricultural residues pellets’ market in Greece," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 1426-1436.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:16:y:2012:i:3:p:1426-1436
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2011.11.028

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Uslu, Ayla & Faaij, André P.C. & Bergman, P.C.A., 2008. "Pre-treatment technologies, and their effect on international bioenergy supply chain logistics. Techno-economic evaluation of torrefaction, fast pyrolysis and pelletisation," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1206-1223.
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    Cited by:

    1. Proskurina, Svetlana & Heinimö, Jussi & Mikkilä, Mirja & Vakkilainen, Esa, 2015. "The wood pellet business in Russia with the role of North-West Russian regions: Present trends and future challenges," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 730-740.
    2. Mohammed, Y.S. & Mokhtar, A.S. & Bashir, N. & Saidur, R., 2013. "An overview of agricultural biomass for decentralized rural energy in Ghana," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 15-25.
    3. Nunes, L.J.R. & Matias, J.C.O. & Catalão, J.P.S., 2014. "Mixed biomass pellets for thermal energy production: A review of combustion models," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 135-140.
    4. Whittaker, Carly & Shield, Ian, 2017. "Factors affecting wood, energy grass and straw pellet durability – A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 1-11.
    5. Suopajärvi, Hannu & Pongrácz, Eva & Fabritius, Timo, 2013. "The potential of using biomass-based reducing agents in the blast furnace: A review of thermochemical conversion technologies and assessments related to sustainability," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 511-528.
    6. Thomson, Harriet & Liddell, Christine, 2015. "The suitability of wood pellet heating for domestic households: A review of literature," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 1362-1369.
    7. Feng, Cheng & Yu, Xinxin & Tan, Hanqiu & Liu, Tian & Hu, Tianyu & Zhang, Zhuoyan & Qiu, Shi & Chen, Longjian, 2013. "The economic feasibility of a crop-residue densification plant: A case study for the city of Jinzhou in China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 172-180.
    8. Kan, Tao & Strezov, Vladimir & Evans, Tim J., 2016. "Lignocellulosic biomass pyrolysis: A review of product properties and effects of pyrolysis parameters," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 1126-1140.
    9. Braimakis, Konstantinos & Atsonios, Konstantinos & Panopoulos, Kyriakos D. & Karellas, Sotirios & Kakaras, Emmanuel, 2014. "Economic evaluation of decentralized pyrolysis for the production of bio-oil as an energy carrier for improved logistics towards a large centralized gasification plant," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 57-72.

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    Biomass; Residues; Pellets in Greece; Densification;


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