IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Tidal current energy resource assessment in Ireland: Current status and future update


  • O'Rourke, Fergal
  • Boyle, Fergal
  • Reynolds, Anthony


Interest in renewable energy in Ireland has increased continually over the past decade. This interest is due primarily to security of supply issues and the effects of climate change. Ireland imports over 90% of its primary energy consumption, mostly in the form of fossil fuels. The exploitation of Ireland's vast indigenous renewable energy resources is required in order to reduce this over-dependence on fossil fuel imports to meet energy demand. Various targets have been set by the Irish government to incorporate renewable energy technologies into Ireland's energy market. As a result of these targets, the development in wind energy has increased substantially over the past decade; however this method of energy extraction is intermittent and unpredictable. Ireland has an excellent tidal current energy resource and the use of this resource will assist in the development of a sustainable energy future. Energy extraction using tidal current energy technologies offers a vast and predictable energy resource. This paper reviews the currently accepted tidal current energy resource assessment for Ireland. This assessment was compiled by Sustainable Energy Ireland in a report in 2004. The assessment employed a 2-dimensional numerical model of the tidal current velocities around Ireland, and from this numerical model the theoretical tidal current energy resource was identified. With the introduction of constraints and limitations, the technical, practical, accessible and viable tidal current energy resources were obtained. The paper discusses why the assessment needs updating including the effect on the assessment of the current stage of development of tidal current turbines and their deployment technology.

Suggested Citation

  • O'Rourke, Fergal & Boyle, Fergal & Reynolds, Anthony, 2010. "Tidal current energy resource assessment in Ireland: Current status and future update," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(9), pages 3206-3212, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:14:y:2010:i:9:p:3206-3212

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Rourke, Fergal O. & Boyle, Fergal & Reynolds, Anthony, 2010. "Marine current energy devices: Current status and possible future applications in Ireland," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 1026-1036, April.
    2. Charlier, Roger H., 2003. "A "sleeper" awakes: tidal current power," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 7(6), pages 515-529, December.
    3. Springer, Urs, 2003. "The market for tradable GHG permits under the Kyoto Protocol: a survey of model studies," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 527-551, September.
    4. Charlier, Roger H., 2003. "Sustainable co-generation from the tides:: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 187-213, June.
    5. Bryden, Ian G. & Couch, Scott J., 2006. "ME1—marine energy extraction: tidal resource analysis," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 133-139.
    6. Bahaj, A.S. & Molland, A.F. & Chaplin, J.R. & Batten, W.M.J., 2007. "Power and thrust measurements of marine current turbines under various hydrodynamic flow conditions in a cavitation tunnel and a towing tank," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 407-426.
    7. Pelc, Robin & Fujita, Rod M., 2002. "Renewable energy from the ocean," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 471-479, November.
    8. Gross, Robert, 2004. "Technologies and innovation for system change in the UK: status, prospects and system requirements of some leading renewable energy options," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(17), pages 1905-1919, November.
    9. Elliott, David, 1996. "Renewable energy policy in the UK: Problems and opportunities," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 1308-1311.
    10. Grabbe, Mårten & Lalander, Emilia & Lundin, Staffan & Leijon, Mats, 2009. "A review of the tidal current energy resource in Norway," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(8), pages 1898-1909, October.
    11. Huber, Claus & Ryan, Lisa & O Gallachoir, Brian & Resch, Gustav & Polaski, Katrina & Bazilian, Morgan, 2007. "Economic modelling of price support mechanisms for renewable energy: Case study on Ireland," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 1172-1185, February.
    12. Denny, Eleanor, 2009. "The economics of tidal energy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 1914-1924, May.
    13. Rourke, Fergal O. & Boyle, Fergal & Reynolds, Anthony, 2009. "Renewable energy resources and technologies applicable to Ireland," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(8), pages 1975-1984, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Tang, H.S. & Qu, K. & Chen, G.Q. & Kraatz, S. & Aboobaker, N. & Jiang, C.B., 2014. "Potential sites for tidal power generation: A thorough search at coast of New Jersey, USA," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 412-425.
    2. Manchester, Sebastian & Barzegar, Behzad & Swan, Lukas & Groulx, Dominic, 2013. "Energy storage requirements for in-stream tidal generation on a limited capacity electricity grid," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 283-290.
    3. Ramos, V. & Carballo, R. & Álvarez, M. & Sánchez, M. & Iglesias, G., 2014. "A port towards energy self-sufficiency using tidal stream power," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 432-444.
    4. repec:eee:rensus:v:80:y:2017:i:c:p:971-989 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Lewis, M. & Neill, S.P. & Robins, P.E. & Hashemi, M.R., 2015. "Resource assessment for future generations of tidal-stream energy arrays," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 403-415.
    6. Ahmadian, Reza & Falconer, Roger & Bockelmann-Evans, Bettina, 2012. "Far-field modelling of the hydro-environmental impact of tidal stream turbines," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 107-116.
    7. Uihlein, Andreas & Magagna, Davide, 2016. "Wave and tidal current energy – A review of the current state of research beyond technology," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 1070-1081.
    8. repec:eee:renene:v:121:y:2018:i:c:p:688-699 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Sangiuliano, Stephen J., 2017. "Planning for tidal current turbine technology: A case study of the Gulf of St. Lawrence," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 805-813.
    10. Iglesias, G. & Sánchez, M. & Carballo, R. & Fernández, H., 2012. "The TSE index – A new tool for selecting tidal stream sites in depth-limited regions," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 350-357.
    11. Tang, H.S. & Kraatz, S. & Qu, K. & Chen, G.Q. & Aboobaker, N. & Jiang, C.B., 2014. "High-resolution survey of tidal energy towards power generation and influence of sea-level-rise: A case study at coast of New Jersey, USA," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 960-982.
    12. Astariz, S. & Perez-Collazo, C. & Abanades, J. & Iglesias, G., 2015. "Towards the optimal design of a co-located wind-wave farm," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 15-24.
    13. Calero Quesada, María Concepción & García Lafuente, Jesús & Sánchez Garrido, José Carlos & Sammartino, Simone & Delgado, Javier, 2014. "Energy of marine currents in the Strait of Gibraltar and its potential as a renewable energy resource," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 98-109.
    14. repec:eee:rensus:v:77:y:2017:i:c:p:536-550 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Islam, A.B.M. Saiful & Jameel, Mohammed & Jumaat, Mohd Zamin & Shirazi, S.M. & Salman, Firas A., 2012. "Review of offshore energy in Malaysia and floating Spar platform for sustainable exploration," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(8), pages 6268-6284.
    16. repec:eee:rensus:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:323-338 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Sánchez, M. & Carballo, R. & Ramos, V. & Iglesias, G., 2014. "Tidal stream energy impact on the transient and residual flow in an estuary: A 3D analysis," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 167-177.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:14:y:2010:i:9:p:3206-3212. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.