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Tidal current energy resource assessment in Ireland: Current status and future update


  • O'Rourke, Fergal
  • Boyle, Fergal
  • Reynolds, Anthony


Interest in renewable energy in Ireland has increased continually over the past decade. This interest is due primarily to security of supply issues and the effects of climate change. Ireland imports over 90% of its primary energy consumption, mostly in the form of fossil fuels. The exploitation of Ireland's vast indigenous renewable energy resources is required in order to reduce this over-dependence on fossil fuel imports to meet energy demand. Various targets have been set by the Irish government to incorporate renewable energy technologies into Ireland's energy market. As a result of these targets, the development in wind energy has increased substantially over the past decade; however this method of energy extraction is intermittent and unpredictable. Ireland has an excellent tidal current energy resource and the use of this resource will assist in the development of a sustainable energy future. Energy extraction using tidal current energy technologies offers a vast and predictable energy resource. This paper reviews the currently accepted tidal current energy resource assessment for Ireland. This assessment was compiled by Sustainable Energy Ireland in a report in 2004. The assessment employed a 2-dimensional numerical model of the tidal current velocities around Ireland, and from this numerical model the theoretical tidal current energy resource was identified. With the introduction of constraints and limitations, the technical, practical, accessible and viable tidal current energy resources were obtained. The paper discusses why the assessment needs updating including the effect on the assessment of the current stage of development of tidal current turbines and their deployment technology.

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  • O'Rourke, Fergal & Boyle, Fergal & Reynolds, Anthony, 2010. "Tidal current energy resource assessment in Ireland: Current status and future update," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(9), pages 3206-3212, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:14:y:2010:i:9:p:3206-3212

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Tang, H.S. & Qu, K. & Chen, G.Q. & Kraatz, S. & Aboobaker, N. & Jiang, C.B., 2014. "Potential sites for tidal power generation: A thorough search at coast of New Jersey, USA," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 412-425.
    2. Manchester, Sebastian & Barzegar, Behzad & Swan, Lukas & Groulx, Dominic, 2013. "Energy storage requirements for in-stream tidal generation on a limited capacity electricity grid," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 283-290.
    3. Ramos, V. & Carballo, R. & Álvarez, M. & Sánchez, M. & Iglesias, G., 2014. "A port towards energy self-sufficiency using tidal stream power," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 432-444.
    4. repec:eee:rensus:v:80:y:2017:i:c:p:971-989 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Lewis, M. & Neill, S.P. & Robins, P.E. & Hashemi, M.R., 2015. "Resource assessment for future generations of tidal-stream energy arrays," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 403-415.
    6. Astariz, S. & Perez-Collazo, C. & Abanades, J. & Iglesias, G., 2015. "Towards the optimal design of a co-located wind-wave farm," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 15-24.
    7. Ahmadian, Reza & Falconer, Roger & Bockelmann-Evans, Bettina, 2012. "Far-field modelling of the hydro-environmental impact of tidal stream turbines," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 107-116.
    8. Calero Quesada, María Concepción & García Lafuente, Jesús & Sánchez Garrido, José Carlos & Sammartino, Simone & Delgado, Javier, 2014. "Energy of marine currents in the Strait of Gibraltar and its potential as a renewable energy resource," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 98-109.
    9. repec:eee:rensus:v:77:y:2017:i:c:p:536-550 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Islam, A.B.M. Saiful & Jameel, Mohammed & Jumaat, Mohd Zamin & Shirazi, S.M. & Salman, Firas A., 2012. "Review of offshore energy in Malaysia and floating Spar platform for sustainable exploration," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(8), pages 6268-6284.
    11. Uihlein, Andreas & Magagna, Davide, 2016. "Wave and tidal current energy – A review of the current state of research beyond technology," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 1070-1081.
    12. Sangiuliano, Stephen J., 2017. "Planning for tidal current turbine technology: A case study of the Gulf of St. Lawrence," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 805-813.
    13. repec:eee:rensus:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:323-338 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Sánchez, M. & Carballo, R. & Ramos, V. & Iglesias, G., 2014. "Tidal stream energy impact on the transient and residual flow in an estuary: A 3D analysis," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 167-177.
    15. Iglesias, G. & Sánchez, M. & Carballo, R. & Fernández, H., 2012. "The TSE index – A new tool for selecting tidal stream sites in depth-limited regions," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 350-357.
    16. Tang, H.S. & Kraatz, S. & Qu, K. & Chen, G.Q. & Aboobaker, N. & Jiang, C.B., 2014. "High-resolution survey of tidal energy towards power generation and influence of sea-level-rise: A case study at coast of New Jersey, USA," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 960-982.


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