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Energy production, consumption, and environmental pollution for sustainable development: A case study in Turkey

  • Bilen, K.
  • Ozyurt, O.
  • BakIrcI, K.
  • KarslI, S.
  • Erdogan, S.
  • YIlmaz, M.
  • ComaklI, O.
Registered author(s):

    There is increasing consensus in both the scientific and political communities that significant reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are necessary to limit the magnitude and extent of climate change. Renewable energy systems already reduce GHG emissions from the energy sector, although on a modest scale. Most long-term energy projections show that renewable energy will play a major role in the global energy supply in the second half of the century, with capacity increasing gradually in the first three decades. On the other hand, Turkey is heavily dependent on expensive imported energy resources (oil, gas and coal) that place a big burden on the economy and air pollution is becoming a great environmental concern in the country. In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be one of the most efficient and effective solutions for clean and sustainable energy development in Turkey. Turkey's geographical location has several advantages for extensive use of most of these renewable energy sources. This article presents a review of the potential and utilization of the fossil fuels and the renewable energy sources in the world and in Turkey.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.

    Volume (Year): 12 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 6 (August)
    Pages: 1529-1561

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:12:y:2008:i:6:p:1529-1561
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    1. Kaya, Durmus, 2006. "Renewable energy policies in Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 152-163, April.
    2. Kaygusuz, K. & Türker, M.F., 2002. "Biomass energy potential in Turkey," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 661-678.
    3. Say, Nuriye Peker, 2006. "Lignite-fired thermal power plants and SO2 pollution in Turkey," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(17), pages 2690-2701, November.
    4. Yuksek, Omer & Komurcu, Murat Ihsan & Yuksel, Ibrahim & Kaygusuz, Kamil, 2006. "The role of hydropower in meeting Turkey's electric energy demand," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(17), pages 3093-3103, November.
    5. Kaygusuz, Kamil & Kaygusuz, Abdullah, 2004. "Geothermal energy in Turkey: the sustainable future," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 8(6), pages 545-563, December.
    6. Bulut, Hüsamettin, 2004. "Typical solar radiation year for southeastern Anatolia," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 29(9), pages 1477-1488.
    7. Ozgener, Onder & Hepbasli, Arif, 2007. "A review on the energy and exergy analysis of solar assisted heat pump systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 482-496, April.
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