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Self-driving cars will change cities


  • Zakharenko, Roman


The effects of autonomous vehicles (AVs) on urban forms are modeled, calibrated, and analyzed. Vehicles are used for commute between peripheral home and central work, and require land for parking. An advantage of AVs is that they can optimize the location of day parking, relieving downtown land for other uses. They also reduce the per-kilometer cost of commute. Increased AV availability increases worker welfare, travel distances, and the city size. Land rents increase in the center but decrease in the periphery. Possible locations of AV daytime parking are analyzed. The effects of AV introduction on traffic and on mass transit coverage are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Zakharenko, Roman, 2016. "Self-driving cars will change cities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 26-37.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:regeco:v:61:y:2016:i:c:p:26-37
    DOI: 10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2016.09.003

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Arnott, Richard & Inci, Eren, 2006. "An integrated model of downtown parking and traffic congestion," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(3), pages 418-442, November.
    2. Jan K. Brueckner & Sofia F. Franco, 2017. "Parking and Urban Form," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(1), pages 95-127.
    3. Anderson, Simon P. & de Palma, Andre, 2004. "The economics of pricing parking," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 1-20, January.
    4. Voith, Richard, 1998. "Parking, Transit, and Employment in a Central Business District," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 43-58, July.
    5. repec:ucp:bkecon:9781884829987 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Blog mentions

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    1. Solving Traffic Congestion: A Plan for New York City
      by Jason Barr in Building the skyline on 2019-05-16 12:35:07


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    Cited by:

    1. Francis Ostermeijer & Hans Koster & Jos van Ommeren, "undated". "Residential parking costs and car ownership: Implications for parking policy and automated vehicles," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 19-020/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    2. repec:eee:transa:v:122:y:2019:i:c:p:162-172 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:jotrge:v:68:y:2018:i:c:p:142-148 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:2:p:482-:d:198612 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Rodrigo Marçal & Ricardo Braga & Fabio Antonialli & Bruna Habib Cavazza & Joel Yutaka Sugano & Cleber Castro & André Luiz Zambalde & Arthur Miranda Neto & Isabelle Nicolaï, 2017. "The quintuple helix model and the future of mobility: The case of autonomous vehicles," Post-Print hal-01652925, HAL.
    6. Morteza Taiebat & Austin L. Brown & Hannah R. Safford & Shen Qu & Ming Xu, 2019. "A Review on Energy, Environmental, and Sustainability Implications of Connected and Automated Vehicles," Papers 1901.10581,, revised Feb 2019.
    7. repec:eee:trapol:v:75:y:2019:i:c:p:99-108 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:11:p:3113-:d:236623 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:eee:transa:v:121:y:2019:i:c:p:277-294 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Self-driving cars; Autonomous vehicles; Commute; Parking; Urban forms;

    JEL classification:

    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • R49 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Other


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