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On the existence of pure-strategy equilibria in games with private information: A complete characterization

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  • Khan, M. Ali
  • Zhang, Yongchao

Abstract

This paper reports a definitive resolution to the question of the existence of a pure-strategy Bayesian–Nash equilibrium in games with a finite number of players, each with a compact metric action set and private information. The resolution hinges on saturated spaces. If the individual spaces of information are saturated, there exists a pure-strategy equilibrium in such a game; and if there exists a pure-strategy equilibrium for the class of games under consideration and with uncountable action sets, the spaces of private information must be saturated. As such, the paper offers a complete characterization of a longstanding question, and offers another game-theoretic characterization of the saturation property, one that complements a recent result of Keisler–Sun (2009) on large non-anonymous games with complete information.

Suggested Citation

  • Khan, M. Ali & Zhang, Yongchao, 2014. "On the existence of pure-strategy equilibria in games with private information: A complete characterization," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 197-202.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:mateco:v:50:y:2014:i:c:p:197-202
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jmateco.2013.12.005
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jianwei Wang & Yongchao Zhang, 2012. "Purification, saturation and the exact law of large numbers," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 50(3), pages 527-545, August.
    2. Khan, M. Ali & Rath, Kali P. & Sun, Yeneng, 1999. "On a private information game without pure strategy equilibria1," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 341-359, April.
    3. Khan, M. Ali & Yeneng, Sun, 1995. "Pure strategies in games with private information," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(7), pages 633-653.
    4. Aumann, Robert J., 1974. "Subjectivity and correlation in randomized strategies," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 67-96, March.
    5. M. Khan & Kali Rath & Yeneng Sun, 2006. "The Dvoretzky-Wald-Wolfowitz theorem and purification in atomless finite-action games," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 34(1), pages 91-104, April.
    6. Khan, M. Ali & Sun, Yeneng, 2002. "Non-cooperative games with many players," Handbook of Game Theory with Economic Applications, in: R.J. Aumann & S. Hart (ed.),Handbook of Game Theory with Economic Applications, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 46, pages 1761-1808, Elsevier.
    7. Khan, M. Ali & Rath, Kali P., 2009. "On games with incomplete information and the Dvoretsky-Wald-Wolfowitz theorem with countable partitions," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(12), pages 830-837, December.
    8. Khan, M. Ali & Sun, Yeneng, 1999. "Non-cooperative games on hyperfinite Loeb spaces1," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 455-492, May.
    9. Fu, Haifeng & Sun, Yeneng & Yannelis, Nicholas C. & Zhang, Zhixiang, 2007. "Pure strategy equilibria in games with private and public information," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(5), pages 523-531, June.
    10. Konrad Podczeck, 2009. "On purification of measure-valued maps," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 38(2), pages 399-418, February.
    11. Drew Fudenberg & Jean Tirole, 1991. "Game Theory," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262061414, December.
    12. Haifeng Fu, 2008. "Mixed-strategy equilibria and strong purification for games with private and public information," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 37(3), pages 521-532, December.
    13. M Ali Khan & Yeneng Sun, 1996. "Non-Atomic Games on Loeb Spaces," Economics Working Paper Archive 374, The Johns Hopkins University,Department of Economics, revised Aug 1996.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Beißner, Patrick & Khan, M. Ali, 2019. "On Hurwicz–Nash equilibria of non-Bayesian games under incomplete information," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 470-490.
    2. Chaowen Yu & Yuhki Hosoya & Toru Maruyama, 2018. "On the purification of mixed strategies," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 38(3), pages 1655-1675.
    3. Fu, Haifeng & Yu, Haomiao, 2015. "Pareto-undominated and socially-maximal equilibria in non-atomic games," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 7-15.
    4. M. Ali Khan & Yongchao Zhang, 2017. "Existence of pure-strategy equilibria in Bayesian games: a sharpened necessity result," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 46(1), pages 167-183, March.
    5. Fu, Haifeng & Yu, Haomiao, 2018. "Pareto refinements of pure-strategy equilibria in games with public and private information," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 18-26.
    6. Ezra Einy & Ori Haimanko, 2019. "Equilibrium Existence In Games With A Concave Bayesian Potential," Working Papers 1911, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Department of Economics.
    7. Khan, M. Ali & Zhang, Yongchao, 2018. "On pure-strategy equilibria in games with correlated information," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 289-304.

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