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Common Method Bias in Marketing: Causes, Mechanisms, and Procedural Remedies


  • MacKenzie, Scott B.
  • Podsakoff, Philip M.


There is a great deal of evidence that method bias influences item validities, item reliabilities, and the covariation between latent constructs. In this paper, we identify a series of factors that may cause method bias by undermining the capabilities of the respondent, making the task of responding accurately more difficult, decreasing the motivation to respond accurately, and making it easier for respondents to satisfice. In addition, we discuss the psychological mechanisms through which these factors produce their biasing effects and propose several procedural remedies that counterbalance or offset each of these specific effects. We hope that this discussion will help researchers anticipate when method bias is likely to be a problem and provide ideas about how to avoid it through the careful design of a study.

Suggested Citation

  • MacKenzie, Scott B. & Podsakoff, Philip M., 2012. "Common Method Bias in Marketing: Causes, Mechanisms, and Procedural Remedies," Journal of Retailing, Elsevier, vol. 88(4), pages 542-555.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jouret:v:88:y:2012:i:4:p:542-555
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jretai.2012.08.001

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    References listed on IDEAS

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