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Factors in the sea ports-of-entry and road ports-of-entry cross-border logistics route choice

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  • Li, Shengchao
  • Cao, Xiaoshu
  • Liao, Wang
  • He, Yongquan

Abstract

The increasing demand for foreign trade in inland areas has led to an increasingly prominent problem of competition between land ports-of-entry (POEs) and sea POEs, and it has also made the comparative study of land POEs and sea POEs cross-border logistics necessary. However, the data used in the existing literature are usually based on surveys or small samples, resulting in inaccurate research results, and most studies generally ignore the spatial heterogeneity of shippers who uses cross-border logistics service and individual preference differences. Taking the international trade between China, Myanmar and Vietnam as an example, and considering the geographical spatial characteristics of various factors, we analyze how geographical factors affect the cross-border logistics routes choice. By using the conditional logit model, the influence of geographical factors on the land POEs and sea POEs cross-border logistics routes choice is compared. The results show that there are significant differences in the characteristics and their influencing factors, which are reflected in the scale of freight, transportation distance, duration, transportation expense, infrastructure quality, geographical location and characteristics of the shippers and POEs. The distance equivalent tool is introduced to calculate the competition balance point of the sea/road POE. The impact mechanism of cross-border logistics choice of land POEs and sea POEs cross-border logistics is explored. Finally, according to the spatial differences of POEs, policy suggestions are proposed.

Suggested Citation

  • Li, Shengchao & Cao, Xiaoshu & Liao, Wang & He, Yongquan, 2020. "Factors in the sea ports-of-entry and road ports-of-entry cross-border logistics route choice," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 84(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jotrge:v:84:y:2020:i:c:s0966692319309482
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102689
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    References listed on IDEAS

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